Biologic weapons (BWs) are microorganisms or biologic toxins that are used to produce death or disease in humans, animals, or plants ( Table.,181:6). Some are more deadly per weight than chemical agents, including nerve agents and cyanide. Recent awareness of proliferating offensive programs, stockpiles of munitions containing botulinum toxin and anthrax by countries like Iraq hostile to the United States, and terrorist threats surrounding their use suggest that a large-scale incident involving bioagents is now more likely than at any point in history. Aspects of a biologic release have been completely reviewed by military experts, 2122 as summarized below.
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