Blood Transfusions And Component Therapy

Mary E. Eberst Available Blood Products whojeBiood

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Emergency Transfusions Massive .Transfusion Blood Administration Bibliography

Since the time of the first blood transfusions in the late 1600s and recognition of the ABO blood grouping system by Landsteiner in 1900, transfusion medicine has become a complex medical specialty. It is not important that all practitioners be familiar with the intricacies of blood banking, but any physician who is responsible for the transfusion of blood products to patients needs to have a basic understanding of what products are available, what product is appropriate in a given clinical situation, and what are the potential complications of the transfusion.

This chapter reviews the different types of blood products that are available, with an emphasis on component therapy. The potential complications of transfusions, immediate and delayed, are reviewed. Two topics of particular importance in emergency medicine, emergency transfusion and massive transfusion, are briefly discussed.

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