Chapter References

1. Litovitz TL, Smilkstein M, Felberg L, et al: 1996 Annual report of the American Association of Poison Control Centers Toxic Exposure Surveillance System. Am J Emerg Med 15:447-500, 1997.

2. Hulquist DE, Passon PG: Catalysis of methemoglobinemia reduction by erythrocyte cytochrome- b5 reductase. Nature 229:252, 1971.

3. Pollack ES, Pollack CV: Incidence of subclinical methemoglobinemia in infants with diarrhea. Ann Emerg Med 24:652-656, 1994.

4. Shih RD, Marcus SM, Genese CA, et al: Methemoglobinemia attributable to nitrite contamination of potable water through boiler fluid additives—New Jersey, 1992 and 1996. MMWR 46:202-203, 1997.

5. Henretig RM, Gribetz B, Kearney T, Lacouture P, Lovejoy FH: Interpretation of color change in blood with varying degree of methemoglobinemia. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol 26:293-301, 1988.

6. Barker SJ, Tremper KK, Hyatt J: Effects of methemoglobinemia on pulse oximetry and mixed venous oximetry. Anesthesiology 70:112-117, 1989.

7. Rosen PJ, Johnson C, McGehee WG, Beutler E: Failure of methylene blue treatment in toxic methemoglobinemia: Association with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency. Ann Intern Med 75:83, 1971.

8. Park CM, Nagel RL: Sulfhemoglobinemia: Clinical and molecular aspects. N Engl J Med 310:1579-1584, 1984.

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