Chapter References

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2. Commission on Classification and Terminology of the International League against Epilepsy: Proposal for revised clinical and electroencephalographic classification of epileptic seizures. Epilepsia 22:489, 1981.

3. Orringer LE, Eustace JC, Wunsch CD, Gardner LB: Natural history of lactic acidosis after grand mal seizures; A model for the study of an anion gap acidosis not associated with hyperkalemia. N Engl J Med 297:796, 1977.

4. Rao ML, Stefan H, Bauer BJ: Epileptic but not psychogenic seizures are accompanied by simultaneous elevation of serum pituitary hormones and cortisol levels. Neuroendocrinology 49:33, 1989.

5. American College of Emergency Physicians, American Academy of Neurology, American Association of Neurologic Surgeons, and American Society of Neurology. Practice parameter: Neuroimaging in the emergency patient presenting with seizure (summary statement). Ann Emerg Med 28:114, 1996.

6. American College of Emergency Physicians: Clinical policy for the initial approach to patients presenting with a chief complaint of seizure who are not in status epilepticus. Ann Emerg Med 29(5):706, 1997.

7. Privitera MC, Strawsburg RH: Electroencephalograph^ monitoring in the emergency department. Emerg Med Clin North Am 12:1089, 1994.

8. Berg AT, Shinnar S: The risk of seizure recurrence following a first unprovoked seizure: A quantitative review. Neurology 41:965, 1991.

9. First Seizure Trial Group: A randomized clinical trial on the efficacy of antiepileptic drugs in reducing the risk of relapse after a first unprovoked tonic-clonic seizure. Neurology 43:478, 1993.

10. Holtzman DM, Kaku DA, So YT: New-onset seizures associated with human immunodeficiency virus infection: Causation and clinical features in 100 cases. Am J Med 87:173, 1989.

11. Pesola GR, Westfal RE: New-onset generalized seizures in patients with AIDS presenting to an emergency department. Acad Emerg Med 5(9): 905, 1998.

12. The Eclampsia Trial Collaborative Group: Which anticonvulsant for women with eclampsia? Evidence from the Collaborative Eclampsia Trial. Lancet 345:1455, 1995.

13. Witlin AG, Sibai BM: Magnesium sulfate therapy in preeclampsia and eclampsia. Obstet Gynecol 92(5):883, 1998.

14. Lowenstein DH, Alldredge BK: Status epilepticus. N Engl J Med 338(14):970, 1998.

15. Rathlev NK, D'Onofrio G, Fish SS, et al: The lack of efficacy of phenytoin in the prevention of alcohol-related seizures. Ann Emerg Med 23:513, 1994.

16. Hauser WA: Status epilepticus: Epidemiologic considerations. Neurology 40(suppl 2):9, 1990.

17. Meldrum BS, Brierley JB: Prolonged epileptic seizures in primates, ischemic cell change and its relation to ictal physiological events. Arch Neurol 28:10, 1973.

18. Bleck TP: Convulsive disorders: Status epilepticus. Clin Neuropharmacol 14(3):191, 1991.

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20. Leppik IE, Derivan AT, Homan RW, et al: Double-blind study of lorazepam and diazepam in status epilepticus. JAMA 249:1452, 1983.

21. Treiman DM, Meyers PD, Walton NY, et al: A comparison of Four treatments for generalized convulsive status epilepticus. N Engl J Med 339:792, 1998.

22. Kumar A, Bleck TP: Intravenous midazolam for the treatment of refractory status epilepticus. Crit Care Med 20(4):483, 1992.

23. Parent JM, Lowenstein DH: Treatment of refractory generalized status epilepticus with continuous infusion of midazolam. Neurology 44:1837, 1994.

24. Stecker MM, Kramer TH, Raps EC, et al: Treatment of refractory status epilepticus with propofol: clinical and pharmacokinetic findings. Epilepsia 39(1):18, 1998.

25. Dichter MA, Brodie MJ: New antiepileptic drugs. N Engl J Med 334:1583, 1996.

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