Chapter References

The Big Heart Disease Lie

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1. Braunwald E: Heart failure, in Isselbacher KJ, Braunwald, K, Wilson TD, et al (eds): Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 13th ed. New York, McGraw-Hill, 1994, pp 998-1009.

2. Cummings RO (ed): Textbook of Advanced Cardiac Life Support. Dallas, American Heart Association, 1997.

3. Kannel WB, Ho K, Thom T: Changing epidemiologic features of cardiac failure. Br Heart J 72(suppl):S3, 1994.

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5. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Mortality from congestive heart failure: United States, 1980-1990. MMWR 43:77, 1994.

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9. Konstam M, Dracup K, Baker D, et al: Heart Failure: Management of Patients with Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction. Rockville, MD, Agency for Health Care Policy and Management Public Health Service, United States Department of Health and Human Services, June 1994. (Quick Reference Guide for Clinicians, 11, AHCPR Publication 94-0613.)

10. Bonow RO, Udelson JE: Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction as a cause of congestive heart failure: Mechanisms and management. Ann Intern Med 117:502, 1992.

11. Katz AM: Cardiomyopathy of overload: A major determinant of prognosis in congestive heart failure. N Engl J Med 322:100, 1992.

12. Packer M: The neurohormonal hypothesis: A theory to explain the mechanism of disease progression in heart failure. J Am Coll Cardiol 20:248, 1992.

13. Cotter G, Metzkor E, Kaluski E, et al: Randomized trial of high-dose isosorbide dinitrate plus low-dose isosorbide dinitrate in severe pulmonary oedema. Lancet 351:389, 1998.

14. Northridge D: Furosemide or nitrates for acute heart failure? Lancet 347:667, 1998.

15. Scheidt S, Wilner G, Fillmore S, et al: Objective haemodynamic assessment after acute myocardial infarction. Br Heart J 35:908, 1973.

16. Forrester JS, Diamond GA, Swan HJC: Correlative classification of clinical and hemodynamic function after acute myocardial infarction. Am J Cardiol 39:137, 1977.

17. Kraus PA, Lipman J, Becker PJ: Acute preload effects of furosemide. Chest 98:124, 1990.

18. Hoffman JR, Reynolds S: Comparison of nitroglycerin, morphine and furosemide in treatment of presumed prehospital pulmonary edema. Chest 92:586, 1987.

19. Beltrame JF, Zeitz CJ, Unger SA, et al: Nitrate therapy is an alternative to furosemide/morphine therapy in the management of acute pulmonary edema. J Card Fail 4:271-279, 1998.

20. Francis GS: Rotating tourniquets for acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema. JAMA 274:1192, 1995.

21. Coday A, Vikram J, Fifer MA: Heart failure, in Lilly LS (ed): Pathophysiology of Heart Disease: A Collaborative Project of Students and Faculty. Malvern, PA, Lea and Febiger, 1993, p 159.

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