Chapter References

1. Abdalati H, Bulas DI, Sivit CJ, et al: Blunt renal trauma in children: Healing of renal injuries and recommendations for imaging follow-up. Pediatr Radiol 24:573, 1994.

2. Stein JL, Bisset GS, Kirks DR, et al: Blunt renal trauma in the pediatric population: Indications for radiographic evaluation. Urology 44:406, 1994.

3. Ahn JH, Morey AF, McAninch JW: Workup and management of traumatic hematuria. Emerg Med Clin North Am 16:145, 1998.

4. Moore EE, Shackford SR, Pachter HL, et al: Organ injury scaling: Spleen, liver, kidney. J Trauma 29:1664, 1989.

5. Morey AF, Bruce JE, McAninch JW: Efficacy of radiographic imaging in pediatric blunt renal trauma. J Urol 156:2014, 1996.

6. Abou-Jaoude WA, Sugarman JM, Fallat ME, et al: Indicators of genitourinary tract injury or anomaly in cases of pediatric blunt trauma. J Pediatr Surg 31:86, 1996.

7. Quinlan DM, Gearhart JP: Blunt renal trauma in childhood: Features indicating severe injury. Br J Urol 66:526, 1990.

8. Levy JB, Baskin LS, Ewalt DH, et al: Nonoperative management of blunt pediatric major renal trauma. Urology 42:418, 1993.

9. Stein JP, Kari DM, Eastham J, et al: Blunt renal trauma in the pediatric population: Indications for radiographic evaluation. Urology 44:406, 1994.

10. Rosales A: The use of ultrasonography as the initial diagnostic exploration in blunt renal trauma. Urol Int 48:134, 1992.

11. Brandes SB, Chelsky MJ, Buckman RF, et al: Ureteral injuries from penetrating trauma. J Trauma 36:745, 1994.

12. Rehm CG, Mure AJ, O'Malley KF, et al: Blunt traumatic bladder rupture. The role of retrograde cystogram. Ann Emerg Med 20:845, 1991.

13. Sivit CJ, Cutting JP, Eichelberger MR, et al: CT diagnosis and localization of rupture of the bladder in children with blunt abdominal trauma: Significance of contrast material extravasation in the pelvis. AJR 164:1243, 1995.

14. Lis LE, Cohen AJ: CT cystography in the evaluation of bladder trauma. J Comput Assist Tomogr 14:386, 1990.

15. Mee SL, McAninch JW, Federle MP: Computerized tomography in bladder rupture: Diagnostic limitations. J Urol 137:207, 1987.

16. Fuhrman GM, Simmons GT, Davidson BS, Buerk CA: The single indication for cystography in blunt trauma. Am Surg 59:335, 1993.

17. Federle MP, Brown TR, McAninch JW: Penetrating renal trauma: CT evaluation. J Comput Assist Tomogr 11:1026, 1987.

18. Carroll PR, McAninch JW: Operative indications in penetrating renal trauma. J Trauma 24:587, 1985.

19. Cass AS, Luxenberg M: Features of 164 bladder ruptures. J Urol 138:743, 1987.

20. Cheng DL, Lazan D, Stone N: Conservative treatment of type II renal trauma. J Trauma 36:491, 1994.

21. Mansi MK, Alkhudar WK: Conservative management with percutaneous intervention of major blunt renal injuries. Am J Emerg Med 7:633, 1997.

22. Baumann L, Greenfield SP, Aker J, et al: Nonoperative management of major blunt renal trauma in children: In-hospital morbidity and long-term follow-up. J Urol 148:691, 1992.

23. Cline KJ: Penetrating trauma to the male external genitalia. J Trauma 44:492, 1998.

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