Chapter References

1. Bleck TP: Tetanus: Pharmacology, management, and prophylaxis. Dis Mon 37:551, 1991.

2. Izurieta HS, Sutter RW, Strebel PM, et al: Tetanus surveillance: United States, 1991-1994. MMWR 46(SS-2):15, 1997.

3. Sutter RW, Cochi SL, Brink EW, et al: Assessment of vital statistics and surveillance data for monitoring tetanus mortality, United States 1979-1984. Am J Epidemiol 131:132, 1990.

4. Bardenheier B, Prevots DR, Khetsurian N, et al: Tetanus: Surveillance—United States, 1995-1997. MMWR 47(SS-2):1, 1998.

5. Kefer MP: Tetanus. Am J Emerg Med 10:445, 1992.

6. Mellanby J, Green J: How does tetanus toxin act? Neuroscience 6:281, 1981.

7. Gergen PJ, McQuillan GM, Kiely M, et al: A population-based serologic survey of immunity to tetanus in the United States. N Engl J Med 332:761, 1995.

8. Richardson JP, Knight AL: Prevention of tetanus in the elderly. Arch Intern Med 151:1712, 1991.

9. Ernst ME, Klepser ME, Fouts M, et al: Tetanus: Pathophysiology and management. Ann Pharmacother 31:1507, 1997.

10. Wright DK, Lalloo UG, Nayiager S, et al: Autonomic nervous system dysfunction in severe tetanus: Current perspectives. Crit Care Med 17:371, 1989.

11. Alfrey DD, Rauscher LA: Tetanus: A review. Crit Care Med 7:176, 1979.

12. Blake PA, Feldman TM, Buchanan TM, et al: Serologic therapy of tetanus in the United States, 1965-1971. JAMA 235:42, 1976.

13. Ahmadsyah I, Salim A: Treatment of tetanus: An open study to compare the efficacy of procaine penicillin and metronidazole. BMJ 291:648, 1985.

14. Muller H, Borner U, Zierski J, et al: Intrathecal baclofen for treatment of tetanus-induced spasticity. Anesthesiology 66:76, 1987.

15. Farquhar I, Hutchinson A, Curan J: Dantrolene in severe tetanus. Intensive Care Mea 14:249, 1988.

16. Powles AB, Ganta R: Use of vecuronium in the management of tetanus. Anaesthesia 40:879, 1985.

17. Buchanan N, Smit L, Cane RD, De Andrade M: Sympathetic overactivity in tetanus: Fatality associated with propranolol. BMJ 2:254, 1978.

18. Edmundson RS, Flowers MS: Intensive care in tetanus: Management, complications, and mortality in 100 cases. BMJ 1:401, 1979.

19. James MFM, Manson EDM: The use of magnesium sulfate infusions in the management of very severe tetanus. Intensive Care Med 11:5, 1985.

20. Southorn PA, Blaise GA: Treatment of tetanus-induced autonomic nervous system dysfunction with continuous epidural blockade. Crit Care Med 14:251, 1986.

21. Sutton DN, Tremlett MR, Woodcock TE, et al: Management of autonomic dysfunction in severe tetanus: The use of magnesium sulfate and clonidine. Intensive Care Med 16:75, 1990.

22. Dolar D: The use of continuous atropine infusion in the management of severe tetanus. Intensive Care Med 18:26, 1992.

23. American College of Emergency Physicians, Scientific Review Committee: Tetanus immunization recommendations for persons seven years of age and older. Ann Emerg Med 15:1111, 1986.

24. American College of Emergency Physicians, Scientific Review Committee: Tetanus immunization recommendations for persons less than seven years old. Ann Emerg Med 16:1181, 1987.

25. Recommendations of the Immunization Practices Advisory Committee (ACIP): Diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis: Recommendations for vaccine use and other preventive measures. MMWR 40, RR-10, 1-28, 1991.

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