Chapter References

1. Kuczmarski RJ, Flegal KM, Campbell SM, Johnson CL: Increasing prevalence of overweight among US adults. JAMA 272:205-11, 1994.

2. Boulanger B, Milzman D, Mitchell K, Rodriguez A: Body habitus as a predictor of injury pattern following blunt trauma. J Trauma 33:228, 1992.

3. Garrison RJ, Castelli WP: Weight and thirty-year mortality of men in the Framingham Study. Ann Intern MeĆ¼ 103:1006, 1985.

4. Ernst ND, Obarzanek E, Clark MB, et al: Cardiovascular health risks related to overweight. J Am Diet Assoc 97:S47, 1997.

5. Goldhaber S, Goldstein E, Stampfer M, et al: A prospective study of risk factors for pulmonary embolism in women. JAMA 277:642, 1997.

6. Boulanger BR, Milzman DP, Rodriguez A: Obesity. Crit Care Clin 10:613, 1994.

7. Lazarus R, Sparrow D, Weiss S: Effects of obesity and fat distribution on ventilatory function: The normative aging study. Chest 111:891, 1997.

8. Maeder EC Jr, Barno A, Mecklenburg F: Obesity: a maternal high-risk factor. Obstet Gynecol 45:669, 1975.

9. Smith-Choban P, Weireter L, Maynes C: Obesity and increased mortality in blunt trauma. J Trauma 31:1253, 1991.

10. Bostman A: BMI of patients with elbow and ankle fractures. J Trauma 37:62, 1994.

11. Rocke DA, Murray WB, Rout CC, Gouws E: Relative risk analysis of factors associated with difficult intubation in obstetric anesthesia. Anesthesiology 77:67, 1992.

12. Mallampati SR, Gatt SP, Gugino LD, et al: A clinical sign to predict difficult tracheal intubation: A prospective study. Can Anaesth Soc J 32:429, 1985.

13. Berthoud MC, Peacock JE, Reilly CS: Effectiveness of preoxygenation in morbidly obese patients. Br J Anaesth 67:464, 1991.

14. Banyai M, Falger S, Roggla M, et al: Emergency intubation with the Combitube in a grossly obese patient with bull neck. Resuscitation 26:271, 1993.

15. Eisenstein I, Edelstein J, Sarma R, et al: The electrocardiogram in obesity. J Electrocardiol 15:115, 1982.

16. Maxwell MH, Waks AU, Schroth PC, et al: Error in blood-pressure measurement due to incorrect cuff size in obese patients. Lancet 2:33, 1982.

17. Severinghaus J, Kelleher J: Recent developments in pulse oximetry. Anesthesiology 76:1018, 1992.

18. Dronen S, Younger J: Central venous catheterization and central venous pressure monitoring. In: Roberts JR, Hedges JR (eds): Clinical Procedures in Emergency Medicine, 3d ed. Philadelphia, Saunders, 1998, pp 358-385.

19. Burns S, Egloff M, Ryan B, et al: Effect of body position on spontaneous respiratory rate and tidal volume in patients with obesity, abdominal distension and ascites. Am J Crit Care 3:102, 1994.

20. Gilbert T, Seneff M, Becker R: Facilitation of internal jugular venous cannulation using an audio-guided Doppler ultrasound vascular access device: Results from a prospective dual-center, randomized, crossover clinical study. Crit Care Med 23:60, 1995.

21. Wallace DH, Currie JM, Gilstrap LC, Santos R: Indirect sonographic guidance for epidural anesthesia in obese pregnant patients. Reg Anesth 17:233, 1992.

22. Ochsner MG, Herr D, Drucker W, Champion HR: A modified Seldinger technique for peritoneal lavage in trauma patients who are obese. Surg Gynecol Obstet 173:158, 1991.

23. Wadden TA, Stunkard AJ: Social and psychological consequences of obesity. Ann Intern Med 103:1062, 1985.

PLATE 3 (FIG._42:.1.C). The entrance to the wound was extended, and 1.5-cm piece of wood was removed from a 3.5-cm-deep wound.

PLATE 4 (FIG.i,42:2A). An incision is made perpendicular to the needle at its midpoint. The needle is grasped through the incision with a hemostat and backed out of the puncture wound. The entrance site is enlarged with a skin incision. If the incision passes to the side of the object, the skin is undermined.

PLATE 5 (FJG.,,4i2:3C). Pressure on the skin edges displaces the foreign body into the center of the wound.

PLATE 6 (FIG.42-5B). Block excision is effective for foreign bodies that are friable, difficult to find, buried in fatty tissue, or stain surrounding tissue. A small, elliptical incision is made around the original wound. The incision is undercut until contact is made with the foreign body. The block of tissue is grasped with a forceps, the foreign body is clamped with a hemostat, and both are removed.

PLATE 8 (FJG.__57:8). Bull's-eye representation of gated SPECT data. Hypoperfusion of the proximal inferolateral wall as well as mild hypokinesis and diminished wall thickening. There is preserved global left ventricular function.

Peripheral Neuropathy Natural Treatment Options

Peripheral Neuropathy Natural Treatment Options

This guide will help millions of people understand this condition so that they can take control of their lives and make informed decisions. The ebook covers information on a vast number of different types of neuropathy. In addition, it will be a useful resource for their families, caregivers, and health care providers.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment