Chapter References

1. Metheny N: Measures to test placement of nasogastric and nasointestinal feeding tubes: A review. Nurs Res 37:324, 1988.

2. Marlow TJ, Goltra DD, Schabel SI: Intracranial placement of a nasotracheal tube after facial fracture: A rare complication. J Emerg Med 15:187, 1997.

3. Freij RM, Mullett ST: Inadvertent intracranial insertion of a nasogastric tube in a nontrauma patient. J Accid Emerg Med 14:45, 1997.

4. Vale JA: Position statement: Gastric lavage. American Academy of Clinical Toxicology; European Association of Poison Centres and Clinical Toxicologists. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol 35:711, 1997.

5. Thoma ME, Glauser JM: Use of glucagon for removal of an orogastric lavage tube. Am J Emerg Med 13:219, 1995.

6. Bankier AA, Wiesmayr MN, Henk C, et al: Radiographic detection of intrabronchial malposition of nasogastric tubes and subsequent complications in intensive care unit patients. Intens Care Med 23:406, 1997.

7. Lipman TO, Kessler T, Arabian A: Nasopulmonary intubation with feeding tubes: Case reports and review of the literature. J Parenter Enter Nutr 9:618, 1985.

8. Metheny N, Reed L, Wiersema L, et al: Effectiveness of pH measurement in predicting feeding tube placement: An update. Nurs Res 42:324, 1993.

9. Nicholson LJ: Declogging small-bore feeding tubes. J Parenter Enter Nutr 11:594, 1987.

10. Wollman B, D'Agostino HB: Percutaneous radiologic and endoscopic gastrostomy: A 3-year institutional analysis of procedure performance. AJR 169:1551, 1997.

11. Wollman B, D'Agostino HB, Walus-Wigle JR, et al: Radiologic, endoscopic, and surgical gastrostomy: An institutional evaluation and meta-analysis of the literature. Radiology 197:699, 1996.

12. Korula J, Harma C: A simple and inexpensive method of removal or replacement of gastrostomy tubes. JAMA 265:1426, 1991.

13. Chait PG, Weinberg J, Connolly BL, et al: Retrograde percutaneous gastrostomy and gastrojejunostomy in 505 children: a 4 2 year experience. Radiology 201:691, 1996.

14. Yaseen M, Steele MI, Grunow JE: Nonendoscopic removal of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tubes: Morbidity and mortality in children. Gastrointest Endosc 44:235, 1996.

15. Wolf EL, Frager D, Beneventano TC: Radiologic demonstration of important gastrostomy tube complications. Gastrointest Radiol 11:20, 1986.

16. Boland MP, Patrick J, Stoski DS, Soucy P: Permanent Enteral Feeding in Cystic Fibrosis: Advantages of a Replaceable Jejunostomy Tube. J Pediatr Surg 22:843, 1987.

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