Chapter References

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2. Seaberg DC, Yealy DM, Lukens T, Auble T, Mathias S: Multicenter comparison of two clinical decision rules for the use of radiography in acute, high-risk knee injuries. Ann Emerg Med 32:8, 1998.

3. Cohen DM, Jasser JW, Kean JR, Smith GA: Clinical criteria for using radiography for children with acute knee injuries. Pediatr Emerg Care 14:185, 1998.

4. Gray SD, Kaplan PA, Dussault RG, Omary RA, et al: Acute knee trauma: How many plain films are necessary for the initial examination? Skeletal Radiol 26:298, 1997.

5. Lugo-Olivieri CH, Scott WW Jr, Zehovni EA: Fluid-fluid levels in injured knees: Do they always represent lipohemarthrosis? Radiology 198:499, 1996.

6. Walker CW, Moore TE: Imaging of skeletal and soft tissue injuries in and around the knee. Radiol Clin North Am 35:631, 1997.

7. Wiss DA, Watson JT, Johnson EE: Fractures of the knee, in Rockwood CA Jr, Green DP, Bucholz RW, Heckman JD (eds): Fractures in Adults, 4th ed. Philadelphia, JB Lippincott, 1996, pp 1919-1999.

8. Schatzker J: Fractures of the distal femur revisited. Clin Ortho 347:43, 1998.

9. Watson JT: High-energy fractures of the tibial plateau. Orthop Clin North Am 25:723, 1994.

10. Swenson TM, Harrer CD: Knee ligament injuries: current concepts. Orthop Clin North Am 26:529, 1995.

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12. Scott WN: Ligament and Extensor Mechanism Injuries of the Knee: Diagnosis and Treatment. St. Louis, Mosby-Year Book, 1991, pp 87-99.

13. Kerr HD: Segond fracture, hemarthrosis, and anterior ligament disruption. J Emerg Med 8:29, 1990.

14. Hall FM, Hochman MG: Medial segond-type fracture: Cortical avulsion off the medial tibial plateau associated with tears of the posterior cruciate ligament and medial meniscus. Skeletal Radiol 26:553, 1997.

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16. Hardin GT, Farr J, Bach BR Jr: Meniscal tears: Diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment. Orthop Rev 21:1311, 1992.

17. Evans PJ, Bell GD, Frank C: Prospective evaluation of the McMurray test. Am J Sports Med 21:604, 1993.

18. Dennis JW, Jagger C, Butcher JL, Menawatt SS, et al: Reassessing the role of arteriograms in the management of posterior knee dislocations. J Trauma 35:692, 1993.

19. Kendall RW, Taylor DC, Salvian AJ, O'Brien PJ : The role of arteriography in assessing vascular injuries associated with dislocations of the knee. J Trauma 35:875, 1993.

20. Merrill KD: Knee dislocation with vascular injuries. Orthop Clinic North Am 25:707, 1994.

21. Gable DR, Allen JW, Richardson JD: Blunt popliteal artery injury: Is physical examination enough for evaluation? J Trauma 43:541, 1997.

22. Haas SB, Callaway H: Disruptions of the extensor mechanism. Orthop Clin North Am 23:687, 1992.

23. Garrett JC: Osteochondritis dissecans. Clin Sports Med 10:569, 1991.

24. Patel DV, Breazeale NM, Behr CT, Warren RF, et al: Osteonecrosis of the knee: Current clinical concepts. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 6:2, 1998.

25. Zappala FG, Taffel CB, Senderi GR: Rehabilitation of patellofemoral joint disorders. Orthop Clin North Am 23:555, 1992.

26. VanNess SA, Gittiris ME: Comparison of intra-articular morphine and bupivicaine following knee arthroscopy. Orthop Rev 23:743, 1994.

27. Bolanos AA, Demizio JP Jr, Vigorita VJ, Bryk E: Lead poisoning from an intra-articular shotgun pellet in the knee treated with arthroscopic extraction and chelation therapy. A case report. J Bone Joint Surg 78:422, 1996.

28. Sponseller PD, Beaty JH: Fractures and dislocations about the knee, in Rockwood CA Jr, Wilkins KE, Beaty JH (eds): Fractures in Children, 4th ed. Philadelphia, JB Lippincott, 1996, pp 1231-1329.

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