Chapter References

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2. Roon AJ, Christensen N: Evaluation and treatment of penetrating cervical injuries. J Trauma 19:391, 1979.

3. American College of Surgeons, Committee on Trauma: Advanced Trauma Life Support Course (student manual), 6th ed. Chicago, ACS, 1997.

4. Shearer VE, Giesecke AH: Airway management for patients with penetrating neck trauma: A retrospective study. Anesth Analg 77:1135, 1993.

5. Baron BJ, Sinert RH, Kohl L, et al: The value of physical examination in penetrating neck trauma. Acad Emerg Med 4:347, 1997.

6. Demetriades D, Theodorou D, Cornwell E, et al: Transcervical gunshot injuries: Mandatory operation is not necessary. J Trauma 40:758, 1996.

7. Ordog GJ, Albin D, Wasserberger J, et al: Shotgun "birdshot" wounds to the neck. J Trauma 28:491, 1988.

8. Sclafani SJA, Cavaliere G, Atweh N, et al: The role of angiography in penetrating neck trauma. J Trauma 31:557, 1991.

9. Golueke P, Sclafani S, Phillips T, et al: Vertebral artery injury—Diagnosis and management. J Trauma 27:856, 1987.

10. Jurkovich GJ, Zingarelli W, Wallace J, et al: Penetrating neck trauma: Diagnostic studies in the asymptomatic patient. J Trauma 25:819, 1985.

11. Atteberry LR, Dennis JW, Menawat SS, et al: Physical examination alone is safe and accurate for evaluation of vascular injuries in penetrating zone II neck trauma. J Am Coll Surg 179:657, 1994.

12. Apffelstaedt JP, Muller R: Results of mandatory exploration for penetrating neck trauma. World J Surg 18:917, 1994.

13. Weigelt JA, Thal ER, Snyder WH, et al: Diagnosis of penetrating cervical esophageal injuries. Am J Surg 154:619, 1987.

14. Hall JR, Reyes HM, Meller JL: Penetrating zone-II neck injuries in children. J Trauma 31:1614, 1991.

15. Reece GP, Shatney CH: Blunt injuries of the cervical trachea: Review of 51 patients. Southern Med J 81:1542, 1988.

16. Fuhrman GM, Stieg FH, Buerk CA: Blunt laryngeal trauma: Classification and management protocol. J Trauma 30:87, 1990.

17. Li MS, Smith BM, Espinosa J, et al: Nonpenetrating trauma to the carotid artery: Seven cases and a literature review. J Trauma 36:265, 1994.

18. Sharma S, Rajani M, Mishra N, et al: Extracranial carotid artery aneurysms following accidental injury: ten years experience. Clin Radiol 43:162, 1991.

19. Watridge CB, Muhlbauer MS, Lowery RD: Traumatic carotid artery dissection: Diagnosis and treatment. J Neurosurg 71:854, 1989.

20. Fabian TC, Patton JH, Croce MA, et al: Blunt carotid injury, importance of early diagnosis and anticoagulant therapy. Ann Surg 223:513, 1996.

21. Schellhas KP, Latchaw RE, Wendling LR, et al: Vertebrobasilar injuries following cervical manipulation. JAMA 244:1450, 1980.

22. Raskind R, North CM: Vertebral artery injuries following chiropractic cervical spine manipulation—Case reports. Angiology 41:445, 1990.

23. Iserson KV: Strangulation: A review of ligature, manual, and postural neck compression injuries. Ann Emerg Med 13:179, 1984.

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