Chapter References

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2. Roon AJ, Christensen N: Evaluation and treatment of penetrating cervical injuries. J Trauma 19:391, 1979.

3. American College of Surgeons, Committee on Trauma: Advanced Trauma Life Support Course (student manual), 6th ed. Chicago, ACS, 1997.

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8. Sclafani SJA, Cavaliere G, Atweh N, et al: The role of angiography in penetrating neck trauma. J Trauma 31:557, 1991.

9. Golueke P, Sclafani S, Phillips T, et al: Vertebral artery injury—Diagnosis and management. J Trauma 27:856, 1987.

10. Jurkovich GJ, Zingarelli W, Wallace J, et al: Penetrating neck trauma: Diagnostic studies in the asymptomatic patient. J Trauma 25:819, 1985.

11. Atteberry LR, Dennis JW, Menawat SS, et al: Physical examination alone is safe and accurate for evaluation of vascular injuries in penetrating zone II neck trauma. J Am Coll Surg 179:657, 1994.

12. Apffelstaedt JP, Muller R: Results of mandatory exploration for penetrating neck trauma. World J Surg 18:917, 1994.

13. Weigelt JA, Thal ER, Snyder WH, et al: Diagnosis of penetrating cervical esophageal injuries. Am J Surg 154:619, 1987.

14. Hall JR, Reyes HM, Meller JL: Penetrating zone-II neck injuries in children. J Trauma 31:1614, 1991.

15. Reece GP, Shatney CH: Blunt injuries of the cervical trachea: Review of 51 patients. Southern Med J 81:1542, 1988.

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21. Schellhas KP, Latchaw RE, Wendling LR, et al: Vertebrobasilar injuries following cervical manipulation. JAMA 244:1450, 1980.

22. Raskind R, North CM: Vertebral artery injuries following chiropractic cervical spine manipulation—Case reports. Angiology 41:445, 1990.

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Blood Pressure Health

Blood Pressure Health

Your heart pumps blood throughout your body using a network of tubing called arteries and capillaries which return the blood back to your heart via your veins. Blood pressure is the force of the blood pushing against the walls of your arteries as your heart beats.Learn more...

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