Chapter References

1. Baker SP, O'Neill B, Ginsburg MJ, Li G: The Injury Fact Book, 2d ed. New York, Oxford University Press, 1992.

2. General Accounting Office: Trauma Care: Life-Saving System Threatened by Unreimbursed Costs and Other Factors. Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Health for Families and the Uninsured, Committee on Finance, U.S. Senate. Washington, DC: GAO (HRD-91-57), 1991.

3. Committee on Trauma Research, Commission on Life Sciences, National Research Council and the Institute of Medicine: Injury in America: A Continuing Public Health Problem. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1985.

4. Cornwell EE III, Jacobs D, Walker M, et al: National Medical Association Surgical Section: Position paper on violence prevention: A resolution of trauma surgeons caring for victims of violence. JAMA 273:1788, 1995.

5. Cornwell EE III, Berne TV, Belzberg H, et al: Health care crisis from a trauma center perspective: The L.A. story. JAMA 276(12):940, 1996.

6. Committee on Trauma American College of Surgeons: Resources for Optimal Care of the Injured Patient: 1999 Chicago, American College of Surgeons, 1998.

7. American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma: Advanced Trauma Life Support for Doctors, Instructor Course Manual, 6th ed. Chicago, American College of Surgeons, 1997.

8. Velmahos GC, Theodorou D, Tatevossian R, et al: Radiographic cervical spine evaluation in the alert asymptomatic blunt trauma victim: Much ado about nothing? J Trauma 40(5):768, 1996.

9. Bickell WH, Wall MJ Jr, Pepe PE, et al: Immediate versus delayed fluid resuscitation for hypotensive patients with penetrating torso injuries. N Engl J Med 331:1105, 1994.

10. Brain Trauma Foundation: Indications for intracranial pressure monitoring. J Neurotrauma 13:667, 1997.

11. Brain Trauma Foundation: The use of hyperventilation in the acute management of severe traumatic brain injury. J Neurotrauma 13:699, 1997.

12. Branney SW, Moore EE, Feldhaus KM, Wolfe RE: Critical analysis of two decades of experience with postinjury emergency department thoracotomy in a regional trauma center. J Trauma 45(1):87, 1998.

13. Esposito TJ, Jurkovich GJ, Rice CL, et al: Reappraisal of emergency room thoracotomy in a changing environment. J Trauma 31:881, 1991.

14. Velmahos GC, Degiannis E, Souter I, et al: Outcome of a strict policy on emergency department thoracotomies. Arch Surg 130:774, 1995.

15. Feliciano DV, Bitondo CG, Cruse PA, et al: Liberal use of emergency center thoracotomy. Am J Surg 152:654, 1986.

16. Cornwell EE III, Velmahos GC, Berne TV, et al: Lethal abdominal gunshot wounds at a level I trauma center: Analysis of "TRISS fallouts." J Am Coll Surg 187(2):123, 1998.

17. Rozycki GS, Ochsner MG, Frankel HL, et al: A prospective study of surgeon performed ultrasound as the initial diagnostic modality for injured patient assessment. J Trauma 39:492, 1995.

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