Chapter References

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3. Karnak I, Tanyel FC, Bukupamukcu N, Hicsonmez A: Pulmonary effects of household bleach ingestions in children. Clin Pediatr 35:471, 1996.

4. Zargar SA, Kochhar R, Nagi B, et al: Ingestion of corrosive acids: Spectrum of injury to the upper gastrointestinal tract and natural history. Gastroenterology 97:702, 1989.

5. Gaudreault P, Parent M, McGuigan M, et al: Predictability of esophageal injury from signs and symptoms: A study of caustic ingestion in 378 children. Pediatrics 71:767, 1983.

6. Gorman RL, Khin-Maung-Gyi MT, Klein-Schwartz W, et al: Initial symptoms as a predictors of esophageal injury in alkaline corrosive ingestions. Am J Emerg Med 10:189, 1992.

7. Homan CS, Maitra SR, Lane B, et al: Therapeutic effects of water and milk for acute injury of the esophagus. Ann Emerg Med 24:14, 1994.

8. Homan CS, Singer AJ, Henry MC, Thode HC: Thermal effects of neutralization and water dilution for acute alkali exposures in canines. Acad Emerg Med 4:27, 1997.

9. Christesen HB: Prediction of complications following unintentional caustic ingestion in children. Is endoscopy always necessary? Acta Paediatr Scand 84:1177, 1995.

10. Aviram G, Kessler A, Reif S, et al: Corrosive gastritis: Sonographic findings in the acute phase and follow-up. Pediatr Radiol 27:805, 1997.

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23. Zargar SA, Kochhar R, Mehta SK: The role of fiberoptic endoscopy in the management of corrosive ingestion and modified endoscopic classification of burns. Gastrointest Endosc 37:165, 1991.

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