Chapter References

1. Litovitz TL, Smilkstein M, Feldberg L, et al: 1996 Annual report of the American Association of Poison Control Centers toxic exposure suveillance system. Am J Emerg Med 15:447, 1997.

2. Losanoff J, Kjossev K: Multivisceral injury after liquid caustic ingestion. Surgery 119:720, 1996.

3. Karnak I, Tanyel FC, Bukupamukcu N, Hicsonmez A: Pulmonary effects of household bleach ingestions in children. Clin Pediatr 35:471, 1996.

4. Zargar SA, Kochhar R, Nagi B, et al: Ingestion of corrosive acids: Spectrum of injury to the upper gastrointestinal tract and natural history. Gastroenterology 97:702, 1989.

5. Gaudreault P, Parent M, McGuigan M, et al: Predictability of esophageal injury from signs and symptoms: A study of caustic ingestion in 378 children. Pediatrics 71:767, 1983.

6. Gorman RL, Khin-Maung-Gyi MT, Klein-Schwartz W, et al: Initial symptoms as a predictors of esophageal injury in alkaline corrosive ingestions. Am J Emerg Med 10:189, 1992.

7. Homan CS, Maitra SR, Lane B, et al: Therapeutic effects of water and milk for acute injury of the esophagus. Ann Emerg Med 24:14, 1994.

8. Homan CS, Singer AJ, Henry MC, Thode HC: Thermal effects of neutralization and water dilution for acute alkali exposures in canines. Acad Emerg Med 4:27, 1997.

9. Christesen HB: Prediction of complications following unintentional caustic ingestion in children. Is endoscopy always necessary? Acta Paediatr Scand 84:1177, 1995.

10. Aviram G, Kessler A, Reif S, et al: Corrosive gastritis: Sonographic findings in the acute phase and follow-up. Pediatr Radiol 27:805, 1997.

11. Anderson KD, Rouse T, Randolph JG: A controlled trial of corticosteroids in children with corrosive injury of the esophagus. N Engl J Med 323:637, 1990.

12. Howell JM, Dalsey WC, Hartsell FW, Butzin CA: Steroids for the treatment of corrosive esophageal injury: A statistical analysis of past studies. Am J Emerg Med 10:421, 1992.

13. Oakes DD: Reconsidering the diagnosis and treatment of patients following ingestion of liquid lye. J Clin Gastroenterol 21:85, 1995.

14. Blais BR: Treating chemical eye injuries. Occup Health Saf 65:23, 1996.

15. Hallock GG: Mechanisms of burn injuries secondary to airbag deployment. Ann Plast Surg 39:111, 1997.

16. White JE, McClafferty K, Orton RB, et al: Ocular alkali burn associated with automobile air-bag activation. CMAJ 153:933, 1995.

17. O'Donoghue JM, Al-Ghazal SK, McCann JJ: Caustic soda burns to the extremities: Difficulties in management. Br J Clin Pract 50:108, 1996.

18. Berthert B, Castellani P, Brioche MI, et al: Early operation for corrosive injury to the upper gastrointestinal tract. Eur J Surg 162:951, 1996.

19. Ochi K, Ohashi T, Santo S, et al: Surgical treatment for caustic ingestion injury of the pharynx, larynx, and esophagus. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 522:116-9, 1996.

20. Litovitz T, Schnitz BF: Ingestion of cylindrical and button batteries: An analysis of 2382 cases. Pediatrics 89:747, 1992.

21. Graundis A, Burns MJ, Aaron CK: Regional intravenous infusion of calcium gluconate for hydrofluoric acid burns of the upper extremities. Ann Emerg Med 30:604, 1997.

22. Berkovits RN, Bos CE, Wijburg FA, Holzki J: Caustic injury of the oesophagus: Sixteen years experience, and introduction of a new model oesophageal stent. J Laryngol Otol 110:1041, 1996.

23. Zargar SA, Kochhar R, Mehta SK: The role of fiberoptic endoscopy in the management of corrosive ingestion and modified endoscopic classification of burns. Gastrointest Endosc 37:165, 1991.

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Cure Your Yeast Infection For Good

The term vaginitis is one that is applied to any inflammation or infection of the vagina, and there are many different conditions that are categorized together under this ‘broad’ heading, including bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis and non-infectious vaginitis.

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