Chapter References

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2. National Safety Council (NSC): National Safety Council Accident Facts, 1987 ed. Chicago, NSC, 1987.

3. Rhodes M, Smith S, Boorse D: Pediatric trauma patients in an "adult" trauma center. J Trauma 35:384, 1993.

4. Fingerhut LA, Warner M: Injury Chartbook, Heath, United States, 1996-97. Hyattsville, MD, National Center for Health Statistics, 1997.

5. Centers for Disease Control (CDC): Alcohol related traffic fatalities involving children: United States, 1985-1996. MMWR 46:1130, 1997.

6. Lavery RF, Tortella BJ, Griffin CC: The prehospital treatment of pediatric trauma. Pediatr Emerg Care 8:9, 1992.

7. Chameides L, Hazinski MF, eds: Textbook of Pediatric Advanced Life Support. Dallas, American Heart Association, 1994.

8. McCarty DL, Surpure JS: Pediatric trauma: Initial evaluation and stabilization. Pediatr Ann 19:584, 1990.

9. Sheikh AA, Culbertson CB: Emergency department thoracotomy in children: Rationale for selective application. J Trauma 34:322, 1993.

10. Bracken MD, Shepard MJ, Holford TR, et al: Administration of methylprednisolone for 24 or 48 hours in the treatment of acute spinal cord injury. JAMA 20:1597, 1997.

11. Teach SJ, Antosia RE, Lund DP, et al: Prehospital fluid therapy in pediatric trauma patients. Pediatr Emerg Care 11:5-8, 1995.

12. Harris BH, Barlow BA, Ballantine TV, et al: American Pediatric Surgical Association principles of pediatric trauma care. J Pediatr Surg 27:423, 1992.

13. Hall JR, Reyes HM, Meller JL, et al: The outcome for children with blunt trauma is best at a pediatric trauma center. J Pediatr Surg 31:72, 1996.

14. Kraus JF: Brain injuries among infants, children, adolescents, and young adults. Am J Dis Child 144:684, 1990.

15. Schutzman SA, Barnes PD, Mantello M, et al: Epidural hematomas in children. Ann Emerg Med 22:31, 1993.

16. Skippen P, Seear M, Poskitt K, et al: Effect of hyperventilation on regional cerebral blood flow in head-injured children. Crit Care Med 25:1402, 1997.

17. Lewis RJ, Lee L, Inkelis SH, et al: Clinical predictors of post-traumatic seizures in children with head trauma. Ann Emerg Med 22:1114, 1993.

18. Masters SJ, McClean PM, Arcarese JS, et al: Skull x-ray examinations after head trauma. N Engl J Med 316:84, 1987.

19. Hadley MN, Zabramski JM, Browner CM, et al: Pediatric spinal trauma: Review of 122 cases of spinal cord and vertebral column injuries. J Neurosurg 68:18, 1998.

20. Pang D, Wilberger JE: Spinal cord injury without radiographic abnormalities in children. J Neurosurg 57:114, 1982.

21. Dietrich AM, Ginn-Pease ME, Bartkowski HM, et al: Pediatric cervical spine fractures: Predominately subtle presentation. J Pediatr Surg 26:995, 1991.

22. Peclet MH, Newman KD, Eichelberger MR, et al: Thoracic trauma in children: An indicator of increased mortality. J Pediatr Surg 25:961, 1990.

23. Rothenberg S, Moore EE, Marx JA, et al: Selective management of blunt abdominal trauma in children: The role of peritoneal lavage. J Trauma 27:1101, 1987.

24. McAnena OJ, Marx JA, Moore EE: Peritoneal lavage enzyme determinations following blunt and penetrating abdominal trauma. J Trauma 31:1161, 1991.

25. Ruess L, Sivit CJ, Eichelberger MR, et al: Blunt abdominal trauma in children: Impact of CT on operative and nonoperative management. AJR 169:1011, 1997.

26. Powell M, Courcoulas A, Gardner M, et al: Management of blunt splenic trauma: Significant differences between adults and children. Surgery 122:654, 1997.

27. Katz S, Lazar L, Rathaus V, et al: Can ultrasonography replace computed tomography in the initial assessment of children with blunt abdominal trauma? J Pediatr Surg 31:649, 1996.

28. Jerby BL, Attorri RJ, Morton D Jr: Blunt intestinal injury in children: The role of the physical examination. J Pediatr Surg 32:580, 1997.

29. Arkovitz MS, Johnson N, Garcia VF: Pancreatic trauma in children: Mechanisms of injury. J Trauma 42:49, 1997.

30. Abou-Jaoude WA, Sugarman JM, Fallat ME, et al: Indicators of genitourinary tract injury or anomaly in cases of pediatric blunt trauma. J Pediatr Surg 31:86, 1996.

31. Morrow SE, Smith DL, Cairns BA, et al: Etiology and outcome of pediatric burns. J Pediatr Surg 31:329, 1996.

32. Mlcak R, Cortiella J, Desai MH, et al: Emergency management of pediatric burn victims. Pediatr Emerg Care 14:51, 1998.

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