Chapter References

1. Addiss DG, Shaffer N, Fowler BS, et al: The epidemiology of appendicitis and appendectomy in the United States. Am J Epidemiol 132:910, 1990.

2. Trautlein IL, Lambert RL, Miller J: Malpractice in the emergency department: Review of 200 cases. Ann Emerg Med 13:709, 1984.

3. Collins DC: 71,000 human appendix specimens: A final report, summarizing forty years' study. Am J Proctol 14:365, 1963.

4. Wagner J, McKinney WP, Carpenter JL: Does this patient have appendicitis? JAMA 276:1589, 1996.

5. Vermeulen B, Morabia A, Unger PF: Influence of white cell count on surgical decision making in patients with abdominal pain in the right lower quadrant. Eur J Surg 161:483, 1995.

6. Lyons D, Waldron R, Ryan T, et al: An evaluation of the clinical value of the leucocyte count and sequential counts in suspected acute appendicitis. Br J Clin Pract 41:794, 1987.

7. Hoffmann J, Rausmussen O: Aids in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis. Br J Surg 76:774, 1989.

8. Marchand A, Van Lente F, Galen RS: The assessment of laboratory tests in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis. Am J Clin Pathol 80:369, 1983.

9. Chung J, Kong M, Lin S, et al: Diagnostic value of c-reactive protein in children with perforated appendicitis. Eur J Pediatr 155:529, 1996.

10. Peltola H, Ahlqvist J, Rapola J, et al: C-reactive protein compared with white blood cell count and erythrocyte sedimentation rate in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis in children. Acta Chir Scand 152:55, 1986.

11. Jaye DL, Waites KB: Clinical applications of c-reactive protein in pediatrics. Pediatr Infect Dis J 16:735, 1997.

12. Kretchmar LH, McDonald DF: The urine sediment in acute appendicitis. Arch Surg 87:209, 1963.

13. Puskar D, Bedalov G, Fridrih S, et al: Urinalysis, ultrasound analysis, and renal dynamic scintigraphy in acute appendicitis. Urology 45:108, 1995.

14. Moawad AH: Acute appendicitis during pregnancy, in Cibels LA (ed): Surgical Diseases in Pregnancy. New York, Springer-Verlag, 1990, pp 105-114.

15. Zeiden BS, Wasser T, Nicholas GG: Ultrasonography in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis. J R Coll Surg Edinburgh 42:24, 1997.

16. Jeffrey RB, Jain KA, Ngheim HV: Sonographic diagnosis of acute appendicitis: Interpretive pitfalls. Am J Roentgenol 162:55, 1994.

17. Lim HK, Lee WJ, Kim TH: Appendicitis: Usefulness of color doppler US. Radiology 201:221, 1996.

18. Balthazar EJ, Birnbaum BA, Yee J: Acute appendicitis: CT and US correlation in 100 patients. Radiology 190:31, 1994.

19. Graff L, Radford MJ, Werne C: Probability of appendicitis before and after observation. Ann Emerg Med 20:503, 1991.

20. Nauta RJ, Magnant C: Observation versus operation for abdominal pain in the right lower quadrant: Roles of the clinical examination and the leukocyte count. Am J Surg 151:746, 1986.

21. Golladay S, Sarret JR: Delayed diagnosis in pediatric appendicitis. South Med J 81:38, 1988.

22. Rappaport WD, Peterson M, Stanton C: Factors responsible for the high perforation rate seen in early childhood appendicitis. Am J Surg 55:602, 1989.

23. Hall A, Wright TM: Acute appendicitis in the geriatric patient. Am Surg 44:147, 1978.

24. Klein SR, Layden L, Wright JF, et al: Appendicitis in the elderly. Postgrad Med 83:247, 1988.

25. Thorbjarnarson B, Loehr WJ: Acute appendicitis in patients over the age of sixty. Surg Gynecol Obstet 125:1277, 1967.

26. Franz M, Norman J, Fabri PJ: Increased mortality of appendicitis with advancing age. Am Surg 61:40, 1995.

27. Freund HR, Rubinstein E: Appendicitis in the aged: Is it really different? Am Surg 50:573, 1984.

28. Eskelinen M, Ikonen J, Lipponen P: The value of history-taking, physical examination, and computer assistance in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis in patients more than 50 years old. Scand J Gastroenterol 30:349, 1995.

29. Horattas MC, Guyton DP, Wu D: A reappraisal of appendicitis in the elderly. Am J Surg 160:291, 1990.

30. Mahmoodian S: Appendicitis complicating pregnancy. South Med J 85:19, 1992.

31. Flum DR, Steinberg SD, Sarkis AY, et al: Appendicitis in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. J Am Coll Surg 184:481, 1997.

32. Rusnak RA, Borer JM, Fastow JS: Misdiagnosis of acute appendicitis: Common features discovered in cases after litigation. Am J Emerg Med 12:397, 1994.

33. Norton VC, Schriger DL: Effect of transfer on outcome in patients with appendicitis. Ann Emerg Med 29:467, 1997.

34. Braveman P, Schaaf VM, Egerter S, et al: Insurance-related differences in the risk of ruptured appendix. N Engl J Med 331:444, 1994.

35. Eriksson S, Granstrom L: Randomized controlled trial of appendicectomy versus antibiotic therapy for acute appendicitis. Br J Surg 82:166, 1995.

36. Bauer T, Vennits B, Holm B, et al: Antibiotic prophylaxis in acute nonperforated appendicitis. The Danish Multicenter Study Group III. Ann Surg 209:307, 1989.

37. Antimicrobial prophylaxis in surgery. Med Lett 35:91, 1993.

38. Meller JL, Reyes HM, Loeff DS, et al: One-drug versus two-drug antibiotic therapy in pediatric perforated appendicitis: A prospective randomized study. Surgery 110:764, 1991.

39. Wilcox RT, Traverso LW: Have the evaluation and treatment of acute appendicitis changed with new technology? Surg Clin North Am 77:1355, 1997.

51 Tips for Dealing with Endometriosis

51 Tips for Dealing with Endometriosis

Do you have Endometriosis? Do you think you do, but aren’t sure? Are you having a hard time learning to cope? 51 Tips for Dealing with Endometriosis can help.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment