Chapter References

1. Ho IK, Harris RA: Mechanism of action of barbiturates. Annu Rev Pharmacol Toxicol 21:83, 1981.

2. Lester D: Barbiturate sales and their use for suicide. Percept Mot Skills 69:442,1989.

3. Stern TA, Mulley AG, Thibault GE: Life-threatening drug overdose. JAMA 251:1983, 1984.

4. Coupey SM: Barbiturates. Pediatr Rev 18:260, 1997.

5. Bertino JJ, Reed MD: Barbiturate and nonbarbiturate sedative hypnotic intoxication in children. Pediatr Clin North Am 33:703, 1986.

6. Humphry D: Final Exit. Secaucus, NJ: Carol Publishing, 1991.

7. Litovitz TL, Klein-Schwartz W, Dyer KS, et al: 1997 Annual Report of the American Association of Poison Control Centers National Data Collection System. Am J Emerg Med 16:445, 1998.

8. Reinisch JM, Sanders SA, Mortensen EL, et al: In utero exposure to phenobarbital and intelligence deficits in men. JAMA 274:1518, 1995.

9. Sampson I: Barbiturates. Mt Sinai J Med 50:283, 1983.

10. McCarron MM, Schulze BW, Walberg CB, et al: Short-acting barbiturate overdosage: Correlation of intoxication score with serum barbiturate concentration. JAMA 248:51, 1982.

11. Shubin H, Well MH: Shock associated with barbiturate intoxication. JAMA 215:263, 1971.

12. Berg M, Berlinger W, Goldberg M, et al: Acceleration of the body clearance of phenobarbital by oral activated charcoal. N Engl J Med 307:647, 1982.

13. Levy G: Gastrointestinal clearance of drugs with activated charcoal. N Engl J Med 307:676, 1982.

14. Pond S, Olson K, Osterloh J, et al: Randomized study of the treatment of phenobarbital overdose with repeated doses of activated charcoal. JAMA 251:3104, 1984.

15. Khantzian EJ, McKenna GJ: Acute toxic and withdrawal reactions associated with drug use and abuse. Ann Intern Med 90:351, 1979.


George M. Bosse Pharmacology

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