Chapter References

1. Luterman A, Curreri PW: Chemical burn injury, in Boswick JA (ed): The Art and Science of Burn Care. Rockville, MD, Aspen, 1987, pp 233-239.

2. Rice RH, Cohen DE: Toxic responses of the skin, in Klaassen CD, Amdur MO, Doull J (eds): Cassaret and Doull's Toxicology: The Basic Science of Poisons. New York, McGraw-Hill, 1996, pp 529-546.

3. Jelenko C: Chemicals that "burn." J Trauma 14:65, 1974

4. Hunter DM, Timerding BL, Leonard RB, et al: Effects of isopropyl alcohol, ethanol, and polyethylene glycol/industrial methylated spirits in treatment of acute phenol burns. Ann Emerg Med 21:1303, 1992.

5. Chan TC, Williams SR, Clark RF: Formic acid skin burns resulting in systemic toxicity. Ann Emerg Med 26:383, 1995.

6. Graudins A, Burns MJ, Aaron CK: Regional intravenous infusion of calcium gluconate for hydrofluoric acid burns of the upper extremity. Ann Emerg Med 30:604, 1997.

7. Williams JM, Hammad A, Cottington EC, Harchelroad FP: Intravenous magnesium in the treatment of hydrofluoric acid burns in rats. Ann Emerg Med 23:464, 1994.

8. Borkhart KK, Brent J, Kirk MA, et al: Comparison of topical magnesium and calcium treatment for dermal hydrofluoric acid burns. Ann Emerg Med 24:9, 1994.

9. Woolf A, Shaw J: Childhood injuries from artificial nail primer cosmetic products. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 152:41, 1998.

10. Yeong EK, Ming CT, Mann R, et al: Facial mutilation after an assault with chemicals: 15 cases and literature review. J Burn Care Rehabil 18:234, 1997.

11. Hansbrough JF, Zapata-Sirvent R, Dominic W, et al: Hydrocarbon contact injuries. J Trauma 25:250, 1985.

12. Borak J, Sidell FR: Agents of chemical warfare: Sulfur mustard. Ann Emerg Med 21:303, 1992.

13. Hallock GG: Mechanisms of burn injury secondary to airbag deployment. Ann Plast Surg 39:111, 1997.

14. Wagoner MD: Chemical injuries of the eye: Current concepts in pathophysiology and therapy. Surv Ophthalmol 41:275, 1997.

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