Chapter References

1. Nandi PR, Charlesworth CH, Taylor SJ, et al: Effects of general anesthesia on the pharynx. Br J Anesth 66:157, 1990.

2. Jesudian MCS, Harrison BA, Keenan RL, et al: Bag-valve mask ventilation: Two rescuers are better than one. Preliminary report. Crit Care 13:122, 1985.

3. Hammargren Y, Clinton JE, Ruiz E: A standard comparison of esophageal obturator airway and endotracheal tube ventilation in cardiac arrest. Ann Emerg Med 14:953, 1985.

4. Calder I, Ordman AJ, Jackowski A, Crockard HA: The Brain laryngeal mask airway—An alternative to emergency tracheal intubation. Anaesthesia 45:137, 1990.

5. Reinhart DJ, Simmons G: Comparison of placement of laryngeal mask airway with endotracheal tube by paramedics and respiratory therapists. Ann Emerg Med 24:260, 1994.

6. Maltby JR, Loken RG, Watson NC: The laryngeal mask airway: Clinical appraisal in 250 patients. Can J Anesth 37:509, 1990.

7. Gabbott DA, Sasada MP: Laryngeal mask airway insertion using cricoid pressure and manual in-line neck stabilization. Anaesthesia 50:674, 1995.

8. Meduri GU, Abou-Shala N, Fox RC: Noninvasive face mask mechanical ventilation in patients with acute hypercapnic respiratory failure. Chest 100:445, 1991.

9. Brochard L, Isabey D, Piquet J, et al: Reversal of acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive lung disease by inspiratory assistance with a face mask. N Engl J Med 323:1523, 1990.

10. Bersten AD, Holt AW, Vedig AE, et al: Treatment of severe cardiogenic pulmonary edema with continuous positive airway pressure delivered by face mask. N Engl J Med 325:1825, 1991.

11. Pennock BE, Kaplan PD, Carlin BW, et al: Pressure support ventilation with a simplified ventilatory support system administered with a nasal mask in patients with respiratory failure. Chest 100:1371, 1991.

12. Benhamou D, Girault C, Raure C, et al: Nasal mark ventilation in acute respiratory failure. Chest 102:912, 1992.

13. Hurst JM, DeHaven CB, Branson RD: Use of CPAP mask as the sole mode of ventilatory support in trauma patients with mild to moderate respiratory insufficiency. J Trauma 25:1065, 1985.

14. Carrey Z, Stewart BG, Levy RD: Ventilatory muscle support in respiratory failure with nasal positive pressure ventilation. Chest 97:150, 1990.

15. Pennock BE, Crawshaw L, Kaplan PD: Noninvasive nasal mark ventilation for acute respiratory failure. Chest 105:441, 1994.

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