Chapter References

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2. Woolsey RM: Modern concepts of therapy and management of spinal cord injuries. Crit Rev Neurobiol 4:137, 1988.

3. Fife D, Kraus J: Anatomic location of spinal cord injury relationship to the cause of injury. Spine 11:2-5, 1986.

4. Kaufman WA, Lunsford TR, Lunsford BR, Lance LL: Comparison of three prefabricated cervical collars. Orthop Prosthet 39:4:21, 1986.

5. Mahoney B: Cervical spine injuries, in Ruiz E, Cicero JJ (eds): Emergency Management of Skeletal Injuries. St Louis: Mosby, 1995, pp 71-94.

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7. Aprahamian C, Thompson BM, Finger WA, et al: Experimental cervical spine injury model: Evaluation of airway management and splinting techniques. Ann Emerg Med 13:584, 1984.

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9. Bivins HG, Ford S, Bezmalinovic Z, et al: The effect of axial traction during orotracheal intubation of the trauma victim with an unstable cervical spine. Ann Emerg Med 17:25, 1988.

10. Hoffman JR, Schriger DL, Mower W, et al: Low risk criteria for cervical spine radiography in blunt trauma: A prospective study. Ann Emerg Med 21:1454, 1992.

11. Velmahos GC, Theodorou D, Tatevossian R, et al: Radiographic cervical spine evaluation in the alert blunt trauma victim: Much ado about nothing? J Trauma 40:768, 1996.

12. Roberge RJ, Wears RC, Kelly M, et al: Selective application of cervical spine radiography in alert victims of blunt trauma: A prospective study. J Trauma 28:784, 1988.

13. Kreipke DL, Gillespie KR, McCarthy MC, et al: Reliability of indications for cervical spine films in trauma patients. J Trauma 29:1438, 1989.

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28. Savitsky E, Votey S: Emergency department approach to acute thoracolumbar spine injury. J Emerg Med 15:49, 1997.

29. Galli RL, Spaite DW, Simon RR: Emergency Orthopedics: The Spine. Norwalk, CT: Appleton & Lange, 1989, p 9.

30. Van Hare RS: The ring of C2 and evaluation of the cross-table lateral view of the cervical spine. Ann Emerg Med 21:733, 1992.

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