Chapter References

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2. Moscati RM: Pancreatitis. Emerg Med Clin North Am 14:719, 1996.

3. Steinberg W, Ienner S: Acute pancreatitis. N Engl J Med 330:1198, 1994.

4. Norman J: The role of cytokines in the pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis. Am J Surg 175:76, 1998.

5. Inagaki T, Hoshino M, Hayakawa T, et al: Interleukin-6 is a useful marker for early prediction of the severity of acute pancreatitis. Pancreas 14:1, 1997.

6. Hoffman JR, Jaber AJ, Schriger DL: Serum amylase determination in the emergency department evaluation of abdominal pain. J Clin Gastroenterol 13:401, 1991.

7. Tietz NW: Support of the diagnosis of pancreatitis by enzymatic tests: Old problems, new techniques. Clin Chem 257:85, 1997.

8. Wong ECC, Butch AW, Rosenblum JL, et al: The clinical chemistry laboratory and acute pancreatitis. Clin Chem 39:234, 1993.

9. Orebaugh S: Normal amylase levels in the presence of acute pancreatitis. Am J Emerg Med 12:21, 1994.

10. Clavien P, Robert J, Meyer P: Acute pancreatitis and normalamylasemia. Ann Surg 210:614, 1989.

11. Rosenblum J: Serum lipase is increased in disease states other than acute pancreatitis: amylase revisited. Clin Chem 37:315, 1991.

12. Vissers RJ, Dagnone J, Abu-Laban R, Walls RM: Serum amylase offers no additional benefit to serum lipase in the ED diagnosis of acute pancreatitis. Acad Emerg Med 4:396, 1998.

13. Balthazar EM: CT diagnosis and staging of acute pancreatitis. Radiol Clin North Am 27:19, 1989.

14. Pitchumoni S, Agarwal N, Jain NK: Systemic complications of acute pancreatitis. Am J Gastroenterol 83:597, 1988.

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16. Bacon TH, Morgan DE: The diagnosis and management of fluid collections associated with pancreatitis. Am J Med 102:555, 1997.

17. Mergener K, Baillie J: Chronic pancreatitis. Lancet 350:1379, 1997.

18. Levy P: Mortality factors associated with chronic pancreatitis. Gastroenterology 96:1165, 1989.

19. Steer ML, Waxman I, Freedman S: Medical progress: Chronic pancreatitis. N Engl J Med 332:1482, 1995.

20. Holt S: Chronic pancreatitis. Southern Med J 86:201, 1993.

21. Naruse S, Kitagawa M, Ishiguro H, et al: Chronic pancreatitis: Overview of medical aspects. Pancreas 16:323, 1998.

22. Ammann RW: Evolution and regression of pancreatic calcification in chronic pancreatitis: A prospective long term study of 107 patients. Gastroenterology 95:1018, 1988.

23. Homma T: Criteria for pancreatic disease diagnosis in Japan: Diagnostic criteria for chronic pancreatitis. Pancreas 16:250, 1998.

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