Chapter References

1. Reece RM: Child Abuse: Medical Diagnosis and Management. Philadelphia, Lea and Febiger, 1994.

2. Berkowitz CD: Failure to thrive, in Berkowitz CD (ed): Pediatrics: A Primary Care Approach. Philadelphia, WB Saunders, 1996, p 415.

3. Powell GF, Low JF, Speers MA: Behavior as a diagnostic aid in failure-to-thrive. J Dev Behav Pediatr 8:18, 1987.

4. Hammer LD, Kraemer HC, Wilson DM, et al: Standardized percentile curves of body-mass index for children and adolescents. Am J Dis Child 145:260, 1991.

5. Merten DF, Carpenter BLM: Radiologic imaging of inflicted injury in the child abuse syndrome. Pediatr Clin North Am 37:815, 1990.

6. Silver HK, Finkelstein M: Deprivation dwarfism. J Pediatr 70:317, 1967.

7. Powell GF, Brasel JA, Blizzard RM: Emotional deprivation and growth retardation simulating idiopathic hypopituitarism: I. Clinical evaluation of the syndrome. N Engl J Med 276:1271, 1967.

8. Meadow R: Munchausen syndrome by proxy. BMJ 299:248, 1989.

9. Rosenberg DA: Web of deceit: A literature review of Munchausen syndrome by proxy. Child Abuse Negl 11:547, 1987.

10. Southall DP, Plunkett MCB, Banks MW, et al: Covert video recordings of life-threatening child abuse: Lessons for child protection. Pediatrics 100:735, 1997.

11. Chadwick DL, Berkowitz CD, Kerns D, et al: Color Atlas of Child Sexual Abuse Chicago, Year Book Medical, 1989.

12. Seidel JS, Elvik SL, Berkowitz CD, et al: Presentation and evaluation of sexual misuse in the emergency department. Pediatr Emerg Care 2:157, 1986.

13. Berkowitz CD: Child sexual abuse. Pediatr Rev 12:443, 1992.

14. Levitt CJ: The medical interview, in Heger A, Emans SJ (eds): Evaluation of the Sexually Abused Child: A Medical Textbook and Photographic Atlas. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992, pp 31-38.

15. Woodling BA, Kossoris PD: Sexual misuse: Rape, molestation and incest. Pediatr Clin North Am 28:481, 1981.

16. Woodling BA, Heger A: The use of the colposcope in the diagnosis of sexual abuse in the pediatric age group. Child Abuse Negl 10:111, 1986.

17. Lauber AA, Souma ML: Use of toluidine blue for documentation of traumatic intercourse. Obstet Gynecol 61:644, 1982.

18. McCann L, Voris J, Simon M, et al: Comparison of genital examination techniques in prepubertal children. Pediatrics 85:182, 1990.

19. Berenson A, Heger A, Andrews S: Appearance of the hymen in newborns. Pediatrics 87:458, 1991.

20. Berenson A: Appearance of the hymen at birth and one year of age: A longitudinal study. Pediatrics 91:820, 1993.

21. Kerns DL, Ritter ML, Thomas RG: Concave hymenal variations in suspected child sexual abuse victims. Pediatrics 90:265, 1992.

22. McCann J, Wells R, Simon M, et al: Genital findings in prepubescent girls selected for non-abuse: A descriptive study. Pediatrics 86:428, 1990.

23. Finkel MA: Anogenital trauma in sexually abused children. Pediatrics 13:258, 1989.

24. Reinhart M: Sexually abused boys. Child Abuse Negl 11:229, 1987.

25. McCann J: Perianal findings in prepubertal children selected for non abuse: A descriptive study. Child Abuse Negl 13:179, 1989.

26. Hammerschlag MR, Doraiswarmy B, Alexander ER, et al: Are rectogenital chlamydial infections a marker of sexual abuse in children? Pediatr Infect Dis J 3:100, 1984.

27. Gellert G, Durfee M, Berkowitz CD: Developing guidelines for HIV antibody testing among victims of pediatric sexual abuse. Child Abuse Negl 14:9, 1990.

28. Newberger EH: Pediatric interview assessment of child abuse. Pediatr Clin North Am 37:943, 1990.

29. Limbos MA, Berkowitz CD: Documentation of child physical abuse: How far have we come? Pediatrics 102:53, 1998.

30. Berkowitz CD: Pediatric abuse: New patterns of injury. Emerg Med Clin North Am 13:321, 1995.

31. Wilson EF: Estimation of the age of cutaneous contusions in child abuse. Pediatrics 60:750, 1977.

32. Stephenson T, Bialas Y: Estimation of the age of bruising. Arch Dis Child 74:53, 1996.

33. Purdue GF, Hunt JL, Prescott PR: Child abuse by burning: An index of suspicion. J Trauma 28:221, 1988.

34. Kleinman PK (ed): Diagnostic Imaging of Child Abuse, 2d ed. Baltimore, Williams and Wilkins, 1998.

35. Alexander, R, Sato Y, Smith W, Bennett T: Incidence of impact trauma with cranial injuries ascribed to shaking. Am J Dis Child 144:724, 1990.

36. American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Child Abuse and Neglect: Shaken baby syndrome: Inflicted cerebral trauma. Pediatrics 92:872, 1993.

37. Budenz DL, Faber MG, Mirchandani HG, et al: Ocular and optic nerve hemorrhages in abused infants with intracranial injuries. Ophthalmology 101:559, 1994.

38. Cooper A, Floyd T, Barlow B, et al: Major blunt abdominal trauma due to child abuse. J Trauma 28:1483, 1988.

39. Forman DL: Every Parent's Guide to the Law. San Diego, Harcourt, Brace, 1998.

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