Chapter References

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3. Diebel LN, Robinson RL, Wilson RF, Dulchavsky SA: Splanchnic mucosal perfusion effects of hypertonic versus isotonic resuscitation of hemorrhagic shock. Am Surg 59:495, 1993.

4. Luchette FA, Radfshar MR, Kaiser R, et al: Prospective evaluation of epidural versus intrapleural catheters for analgesia in chest wall trauma. J Trauma 35:165, 1993.

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9. Jongewaard WR, Cogbill TH, Landercasper J: Neurologic consequences of traumatic asphyxia. J Trauma 32:28, 1992.

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12. Cant PJ, Smyth S, Smart DO: Antibiotic prophylaxis is indicated for chest stab wounds requiring closed tube thoracostomy. Br J Surg 80:464, 1993.

13. Demetriades D, Breckon V, Breckon C, et al: Antibiotic prophylaxis in penetrating injuries of the chest. Ann R Coll Surg Engl 73:348, 1991.

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16. Enderson BL, Abdalla R, Frame SB, et al: Tube thoracostomy for occult pneumothorax: A prospective randomized study of its use. J Trauma 35:726, 1993.

17. Brown GL, Richardson JD: Traumatic diaphragmatic hernia. Ann Thorac Surg 39:172, 1985.

18. Ma OJ, Mateer JR, Ogata M, et al: Prospective analysis of rapid trauma ultrasound examination performed by emergency physicians. J Trauma 38:879, 1995.

19. Plummer D, Brunette D, Asinger R, et al: Emergency department echocardiography improves outcome in penetrating cardiac injury. Ann Emerg Med 21:709, 1992.

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21. Meyer DM, Jessen ME, Grayburn PA: Use of echocardiography to detect occult cardiac injury after penetrating thoracic trauma: A prospective study. J Trauma 39:902, 1995.

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31. Karalis DG, Victor MF, Davis GA, et al: The role of echocardiography in blunt chest trauma: A transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiographic study. J Trauma 36:53, 1994.

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33. Sohn DW, Shin GJ, Oh JK, et al: Role of transesophageal echocardiography in hemodynamically stable patients. Mayo Clin Proc 70:925, 1995.

34. Kearney PA, Smith W, Johnson SB, et al: Use of transesophageal echocardiography in the evaluation of traumatic aortic injury. J Trauma 34:696, 1993.

35. Saletta S, Lederman E, Fein S, et al: Transesophageal echocardiography for the initial evaluation of the widened mediastinum in trauma patients. J Trauma 39:137, 1995.

36. Waugh JR, Sacharias N: Arteriographic complications in the DSA eras. Radiology 182:243, 1992.

37. Parmley LF, Mattingly TW, Manion WC: Nonpenetrating traumatic injury of the aorta. Circulation 17: 1086, 1958.

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