Chapter References

1. Secretary of Health and Human Services: Ninth Special Report to the U.S. Congress on Alcohol and Health. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1997.

2. Stephens Cherpitel CJ: Breath analysis and self-reports as measures of alcohol-related emergency room admissions. J Stud Alcohol 50:155, 1989.

3. Lowenstein SR, Weissberg MP, Terry D: Alcohol intoxication, injuries and dangerous behaviors—And the revolving emergency department door. J Trauma 30:1252, 1990.

4. Frezza M, Di Padova C, et al: The role of decreased gastric alcohol dehydrogenase activity and first-pass metabolism. N Engl J Med 322:95, 1990.

5. Sullivan JB, Hauptman M, Bronstein AC: Lack of observable intoxication in humans with high blood alcohol concentrations. J Forens Sci 32:1660, 1987.

6. Farre M, de la Torre R, Gonzalez ML, et al: Cocaine and alcohol interactions in humans: Neuroendocrine effects and cocaethylene metabolism. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 283:164, 1997.

7. Burkhart KK, Kulig KW: The other alcohols: Methanol, ethylene glycol and isopropanol. Emerg Med Clin North Am 8:913, 1990.

8. Burns MJ, Graudins A, Aaron CK, et al: Treatment of methanol poisoning with intravenous 4-methylpyrazole. Ann Emerg Med 30:829, 1997.

9. Baud FJ, Galliot M, Astier A, et al: Treatment of ethylene glycol poisoning with 4-methylpyrazole. N Engl J Med 319:97, 1988.

10. Jobard E, Harry P, Turcant A, et al: 4-Methylpyrazole and hemodialysis in ethylene glycol poisoning. Toxicol Clin Toxicol 34:373, 1996.

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