Chapter References

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2. Mancuso RF: Stridor in neonates. Pediatr Clin North Am 43:1339, 1996.

3. Tobias JD: Laryngeal mask airway: A review for the emergency physician. Pediatr Emerg Care 12:370, 1996.

4. Gorelick MH, Baker MD: Epiglottitis in children, 1979-1992: Effects of Haemophilus influenzae type B immunization. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 148:47, 1994.

5. Bank DE, Krug SE: New approaches to upper airway disease. Emergency Med Clin North Am 13:473, 1995.

6. Waisman Y, Klein BL, Boenning DA, et al: Prospective randomized double-blind study comparing L-epinephrine and racemic epinephrine aerosols in the treatment of laryngotracheitis (croup). Pediatrics 89:302, 1992.

7. Cressman WR, Myer CM III: Diagnosis and management of croup and epiglottitis. Pediatr Clin North Am 41:265, 1994.

8. Ledwith CA, Shea LM, Mauro RD: Safety and efficacy of nebulized racemic epinephrine in conjunction with oral dexamethasone and mist in the outpatient treatment of croup. Ann Emerg Med 25:331, 1995.

9. Prendergast M, Jones JS, Hartman D: Racemic epinephrine in the treatment of laryngotracheitis: Can we identify children for outpatient therapy? Am J Emerg Med 12:613, 1994.

10. Cruz MN, Stewart G, Rosenberg N: Use of dexamethasone in outpatient management of acute laryngotracheitis. Pediatrics 96:220, 1995.

11. Tibbals J, Shann FA, Landau LI: Placebo-controlled trial of prednisolone in children intubated for croup. Lancet 340:745, 1992.

12. Kunkel NC, Baker D: Use of racemic epinephrine, dexamethasone, and mist in the outpatient management of croup. Pediatr Emerg Care 12:156, 1996.

13. Geelhoed GC, Macdonald WPG: Oral and inhaled steroids in croup: A randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Pediatr Pulmonol 20:355, 1995.

14. Klassen TP, Rowe PC: Outpatient management of croup. Curr Opin Pediatr 8:449, 1996.

15. Johnson DW, Schuh S, Koren G, et al: Outpatient treatment of croup with nebulized dexamethasone. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 150:349, 1996.

16. Fitzgerald D, Mellis C, Johnson M, et al: Nebulized budesonide is as effective as nebulized adrenalin in moderately severe croup. Pediatrics 97:722, 1996.

17. Husby S, Agertoft L, Nortensen S, et al: Treatment of croup with nebulized steroid (budesonide): A double blind, placebo controlled study. Arch Dis Child 68:352, 1993.

18. Johnson DW, Jacobsen S, Edney PC, et al: A comparison of nebulized budesonide, intramuscular dexamethasone, and placebo for moderately severe croup. N Engl J Med 339:498-503, 1998.

19. Klassen TP, Craig WR, Moher D, et al: Nebulized budesonide and oral dexamethasone for treatment of croup: A randomized controlled trial. JAMA 279:1629, 1998.

20. Klassen TP, Feldman NE, Watters LK, et al: Nebulized budesonide for children with mild-to-moderate croup. N Engl J Med 331:285, 1994.

21. Klassen TP, Feldman ME, Watters LK, et al: The efficacy of nebulized budesonide in dexamethasone-treated outpatients with croup. Pediatrics 97:463, 1996.

22. Collier J: Inhaled budesonide and adrenalin for croup. Drug Ther Bull 34:23, 1996.

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25. Bernstein T, Builli R, Jacobs B, et al: Is bacterial tracheitis changing? A fourteen-month experience in a pediatric intensive care unit. Clin Infect Dis 27:458, 1998.

26. Dean KH, Zimmerman PH: Tracheobronchial foreign bodies in children: A study of 94 cases. Laryngoscope 100:525, 1990.

27. Reilly JS: Prevention of aspiration in infants and children: Federal regulations. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 99:273, 1990.

28. Losek JD: Diagnostic difficulties of foreign body aspiration in children. Am J Emerg Care 8:348, 1990.

29. Laks Y, Barzilay Z: Foreign body aspiration in childhood. Pediatr Emerg Care 4:102, 1988.

30. Friedman E: Foreign bodies in the pediatric aerodigestive tract. Pediatr Ann 17:640, 1988.

31. Friedman NR, et al: Peritonsillar abscess in early childhood. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 123:630, 1997.

32. Yellon RF, Bluestone CD: Head and neck space infections in children, in Bluestone CD, Stoll SE, Kenna MA (eds): Pediatric Otolaryngology, 3d ed. Philadelphia: Saunders, 1996, pp 15-25.

33. Ungkanont K, Yellon RF, Weissman JL, et al: Head and neck space infections in infants and children. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 112:375, 1995.

34. Ravindranath T, Janakiraman N, Harris V: Computed tomography in diagnosing retropharyngeal abscess in children. Clin Pediatr 32:242, 1993.

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