1. Dee PM: The radiology of chest trauma. Radiol Clin North Am 30:291, 1992.
2. Aitchison F, Bleetman A, Munro P, et al: Detection of pneumothorax by accident and emergency officers and radiologists on single chest film. Arch Emerg Med 10:343, 1993.
3. Kramer EL, Divgi CR: Pulmonary applications of nuclear medicine. Clin Chest Med 12:55, 1991.
4. Gottschalk A, Sostman HD, Coleman RE, et al: Ventilation-perfusion scintigraphy in the PIOPED study: II. Evaluation of the scintigraphic criteria and interpretations. J Nucl Med 34:1119, 1993.
5. Ralph DD: Pulmonary embolism: The implications of prospective investigation of pulmonary embolism diagnosis. Radiol Clin North Am 32:679, 1994.
6. PIOPED Investigators: Value of ventilation/perfusion scan in acute pulmonary embolism: Results of the Prospective Investigation of Pulmonary Embolism Diagnosis (PIOPED). JAMA 263:2753, 1990.
7. Stein PD, Henry JW, Gottschalk A: The addition of clinical assessment to stratification according to prior cardiopulmonary disease further optimizes the interpretation of ventilation/perfusion lung scans in pulmonary embolism. Chest 104:1472, 1993.
8. Stein PD, Athanasoulis C, Alavi A, et al: Complications and validity of pulmonary angiography in acute pulmonary embolism. Circulation 85:462, 1992.
9. Woodring JH, Dillon ML: Radiographic manifestations of mediastinal hemorrhage from blunt chest trauma [collective review]. Ann Thorac Surg 37:171, 1984.
10. Burney RE, Gundry SR, Mackenzie JR, et al: Comparison of mediastinal width, mediastinal-thoracic and cardiac ratios, and "mediastinal widening" in detection of traumatic aortic rupture. Ann Emerg Med 12:668, 1983.
11. Schwab CW, Lawson RB, Lind JF, Garland LW: Aortic injury: Comparison of supine and upright portable chest films to evaluate the widened mediastinum. Ann Emerg Med 13:896, 1984.
12. Madayag MA, Kirshenbaum KJ, Nadimpalli SR, et al: Thoracic aortic trauma: Role of dynamic CT. Radiology 179:853, 1991.
13. Richardson P, Mirvis S, Scorpio R, Dunham CM: Value of CT in determining the need for angiography when findings of mediastinal hemorrhage on chest radiographs are equivocal. AJR 156:273, 1991.
14. Agee CK, Metzler MH, Churchill RJ, Mitchell FL: Computed tomographic evaluation to exclude traumatic aortic disruption. J Trauma 33:876, 1992.
15. Petasnick JP: Radiologic evaluation of aortic dissection. Radiology 180:297, 1991.
16. Neinaber CA, von Kodolitsch Y, Nicolas V, et al: The diagnosis of thoracic aortic dissection by noninvasive imaging procedures. N Engl J Med 328:1, 1993.
17. Goodman LR, Curtin JJ, Mewissen MW, et al: Detection of pulmonary embolism in patients with unresolved clinical and scintigraphic diagnosis: Helical CT versus angiography. AJR 164:1369, 1995.
18. Remy-Jardin M, Remy J, Deschildre F, et al: Diagnosis of pulmonary embolism with spiral CT: Comparison with pulmonary angiography and scintigraphy. Radiology 200:699, 1996.
19. Mayo JR, Remy-Jardin M, Muller NL, et al: Pulmonary embolism: Prospective comparison of spiral CT with ventilation-perfusion scintigraphy. Radiology 205:447, 1997.
20. Teigen CL, Maus TP, Sheedy PF, et al: Pulmonary embolism: Diagnosis with contrast-enhanced electron-beam CT and comparison with pulmonary angiography. Radiology 194:313, 1995.
21. Plummer D: Principles of emergency ultrasound and echocardiography. Ann Emerg Med 18:1291, 1989.
22. Hauser AM: The emerging role of echocardiography in the emergency department. Ann Emerg Med 18:1298, 1989.
23. Hoffner RJ, Mandavia D, Kelsey J, Henderson SO: The accuracy of bedside echocardiography performed by emergency physicians. Acad Emerg Med 5:408, 1998.
24. Corbett SW, O'Callaghan T: Detection of traumatic complications of cardiopulmonary resuscitation by ultrasound. Ann Emerg Med 29:317, 1997.
25. Kontos MC, Arrowood JA, Paulsen WH, Nixon JV: Early echocardiography can predict cardiac events in emergency department patients with chest pain. Ann Emerg Med 31:550, 1998.
26. Ma OJ, Mateer JR: Trauma ultrasound examination versus chest radiography in the detection of hemothorax. Ann Emerg Med 29:312, 1997.
27. Shenoy MM, Dhala A, Khanna A: Transesophageal echocardiography in emergency medicine and critical care. Am J Emerg Med 9:580, 1991.
28. Shapiro MJ, Yanofsky SD, Trapp J, et al: Cardiovascular evaluation in blunt thoracic trauma using transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). J Trauma 31:835, 1991.
29. Brooks SW, Young JC, Cmolik B, et al: The use of transesophageal echocardiography in the evaluation of chest trauma. J Trauma 32:761, 1992.
30. Kearney PA, Smith W, Johnson SB, et al: Use of transesophageal echocardiography in the evaluation of traumatic aortic injury. J Trauma 34:696, 1993.
31. Buckmaster MJ, Kearney PA, Johnson SB, et al: Further experience with transesophageal echocardiography in the evaluation of thoracic aortic injury. J Trauma 37:989, 1994.
32. Smith MD, Cassidy JM, Souther S, et al: Transesophageal echocardiography in the diagnosis of traumatic rupture of the aorta. N Engl J Med 332:356, 1995.
33. Keren A, Kim CB, Hu BS, et al: Accuracy of biplane and multiplane transesophageal echocardiography in diagnosis of typical acute aortic dissection and intramural hematoma. J Am Coll Cardiol 28:627, 1996.
Was this article helpful?
This guide will help millions of people understand this condition so that they can take control of their lives and make informed decisions. The ebook covers information on a vast number of different types of neuropathy. In addition, it will be a useful resource for their families, caregivers, and health care providers.