Genital infection with Chlamydia trachomatis is sexually transmitted and may present in several different manners. There may be evidence of urethritis, epididymitis, cervicitis, or acute salpingitis, or the infection may be completely asymptomatic. It is therefore essential to test for Chlamydia whenever there is a suspicion of infection or when there is evidence of other sexually transmitted infection. Chlamydia also may cause conjunctivitis or pneumonia in newborns through perinatal transmission. Finally, Chlamydia causes lymphogranuloma venerum, which is discussed below. The diagnosis of Chlamydia is confirmed through either a positive culture or detection of the antigen or nucleic acid on immunofluorescence.
Was this article helpful?