Clinical Features

To better define the psychology of chronic pain, psychiatrists have divided patients' characteristics into two groups. 4 The first group has normal psychologic function at baseline. However, continued pain and its effects, such as inability to work or altered body image, result in psychological dysfunction. The second group has primary psychopathology that predates the onset of chronic pain. Hypochondriacal, hysterical, pain-prone, and depressive personalities are included in this group. The "seven D's" (T§bj§, 34-1) summarize the clinical features of these groups.5

Natural Pain Management

Natural Pain Management

Do You Suffer From Chronic Pain? Do You Feel Like You Might Be Addicted to Pain Killers For Life? Are You Trapped on a Merry-Go-Round of Escalating Pain Tolerance That Might Eventually Mean That No Pain Killer Treats Your Condition Anymore? Have you been prescribed pain killers with dangerous side effects?

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