Establishment of good communications is critical in any disaster or mass-casualty situation. Past experience, however, has shown that this essential function is difficult to achieve for a variety of reasons. Telephones frequently become inoperative due to switchboard overload and damage to telephone lines and other equipment. A major goal should be full utilization of all possible communications resources, including citizens' band groups, cellular phones, blackboards, E mail, intercoms, closed-circuit television, short-wave radio and radio-equipped individuals of all kinds, runners, and even messenger and courier services.

Interhospital communication may be necessary because of shortages of supplies, such as blood or intravenous fluids; certain equipment, such as incubators or surgical instruments; or personnel, such as nurses, x-ray technicians, respiratory therapists, or physicians. When a hospital is overloaded, it may be desirable to transfer patients to a prearranged receiving hospital. Unfortunately, interhospital communications may present a weak link in the community's disaster response. After one Los Angeles earthquake in 1971, 67 percent of hospitals had difficulty with interhospital communications. —

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Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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