Contents

Notice

Editors

Dedication

Contributors

Reviewers

Preface

Color Plates

Section One Prehospital Care

G. Patrick Lilja, Robert A. Swor

2 „Prehospital „Equjpmeni„„„and.„lAd.iMncts

Daniel G. Hankins

3 „„AirMedical Transport

C. Keith Stone, Stephen H. Thomas

4„Neonatal and Pediatric „Transport

Carl L. Bose, Phillip V. Gordon

Eric K. Noji

Gregory D. Mears, Arthur H. Yancey II

Section Two Resuscitative Problems and Techniques

Joseph P. Ornato s Cardiopulmonary. „Resuscitation „in„ Adults

Jon Mark Hirshon

9 „„NeonatalResuscitation. and. „Emergencies

Eugene E. Cepeda, Seetha Shankaran

1G Pediatric Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

William E. Hauda II

ii„Pediatric„lAirwayl „Management

Marcie Rubin, Nicholas Sadovnikoff

12„„Res.u.scita.tion.„„Iss„ues„in. „Pregnancy

Elizabeth M. Datner, Susan B. Promes ii3„„Et.hical„l Issues of„„Res.u.scita.t.ion

Catherine A. Marco lA.B.a.s.ic.Airwa.y. „Management „„Techniques

A. Michael Roman

IS.Tracheai.intubat.ion „and.M.ec.ha.n.ic.al „„Ventilation

Daniel F. Danzl i6„Surgica.l „AirwayManagement

David R. Gens

Bharat B. Sutariya, William A. Berk i8..|nvasive „Monitoringi „P.acing„TechniqMe.sj „and.„AM.tomat.ic „ „ and. „ implantable. „ „ Defibrillators

Edward S. Bessman

19„Cerebral„„Resuscitation

Gary S. Krause, Blaine C. White

James E. Manning, Christopher W. Barton, Lawrence M. Katz

21.Acid-Base „Disorders

David D. Nicolaou, GaborD. Kelen

22.Bloo.d.„ G.ases:„„Pathop.hysiology„„l and. Interpretation

Mark P. Hamlin, Peter J. Pronovost

23..Flu.i„d.l and „„Ele.c.t.rolyte.Pro.b.le.ms

Michael Londner, Christine Carr, Gabor D. Kelen

24.DMurbance£l „of.C.ard.ia.c. Rhythm „„andCo—uctlon

Edmund Bolton

25„Pharmacology„ofl Antldysrh^ythmlc. and „yasoaciive„„Medica1tio„ns

Teresa M. Carlin

Section Three Shock

26„„Approac.h„„to „„the. „Patientin. Shock

Emanuel P. Rivers, Mohamed Y. Rady, Robert Bilkovski

27 Fluid and Blood Resuscitation

Steven C. Dronen, Eileen M. K. Bobek

28iSep.ticS.ho.ck

Jonathan Jui

29iiCardiiogenici Shock

Raymond E. Jackson

30iiAnaphvlaxis iiändiiiAcu.ten Allergic .Reactions

Shaheed I. Koury, Lee U. Hertel

31iNeurogeniciiShoc.k

Brian D. Euerle, Thomas M. Scalea

Section Four Analgesia. Anesthesia. and Sedation

3.2iiAc.uteiiE.âîniiManage^ iAnxiolvsisii innthe Adult Eatîent

Erica Liebelt, Nadine Levick

33iiS.vstemic.i iA.nâlg.esMiiSn.d.ii .Sedation iiforiE.ain.fuli iErocedures

David D. Nicolaou

34iiMa.n.agem.entiiio.fiEati.e.n.tsii withnChronici iEain

David M. Cline

Section Five Emergencv Wound Management

35ii.Eyaluati.oniiiofi Wounds

Louis J. Kroot

36iiWo.un.dii iEreparation

Susan C. Stone, Wallace A. Carter

37iiMe.thodsiiifo.rii WoondiClosure

Julia E. Martin, Rob Hertel

38iiLac.eratioñsiiíoi ntË® Face iandScalp

Wendy C. Coates

39iiFingertipii and. iNail.ilniu.ries Robert S. Chang, Wallace A. Carter

40iiLac.erationsiof thei Extremitjesiindii Joints

Madonna Fernández, Wendy C. Coates

4iiiFootiiiLacerati.ons

Earl J. Reisdorft

42iiSoftii iTissue iEoreî.gniiBod.î.e.s

Richard L. Lammers

43iiEuncture iW.o.u.n,d.s.ii and -Bites

Charles A. Eckerline, Jr., Jim Blake, Ronald F. Koury

44iiEos.t.repai.r iiWo.u,n.d.ii Care

Louis J. Kroot

Section Six Cardioyascular Diseases

45iiApproachiito iChestiiEain.iiand.il Eossibl.eii iMvosardiaiil.s.chemia

Gary B. Green, Peter M. Hill

46iiSvncope

Barbara K. Blok

47iACS:.i iUns.tabieiAngjna,.iiiMvoc.ard.ia.l.i J.sc.h.e.mia.ii la.ndll!n.fa.rctiO.n

Judd E. Hollander

48ll!.n.te^ye.n.tlo.n.ll Strategies i i for i .Acute iiCoronarvi síndrome

Judd E. Hollander

49iiHea.rt iiFailureandii Eulmonarvidema

Charles B. Cairns

50iiValyulari iEmergenciesiiandii Endocarditis

David M. Cline

51iiCa.rdio.mvo.pat^ Disease

James T. Niemann

52iiEu.lmon.arviiiEm.b.o.lism

Charles N. Schoenteld

5?iiHvpertension

Melissa M. Wu, Arjun Chanmugam

54iAo^rti.cii iD.is.se.ction.i iandiiAneurvsms

Gary A. Johnson

55iiNontraumaticiiEeriphera.l.i iyasc.u.larDiso.rd.e.rs Anil Chopra

56iiCardiaciiTrans.plan.tatio.n

Michael R. Mill, Michelle S. Grady

57iiNoninyasiye Mvocardialii |.mafling

Section Seven Eulmonarv Emergencies

58iRes.p.irato.rv.iiD.istre.ss

J. Stephan Stapczynski

59iiBro.n.chitis iiandiEneumonia

Donald A. Motta, Jr., Charles L. Emerman

60iiAspi.rati.on iiEneumo.niajiiLu.n.g iiAbs.cess.i.i a.n.diEle.ural.ii E.mp.vema

Eric Anderson, Maxime Alix Gilles

^..Tuberculosis

Janet M. Poponick, Joel Moll

62Spontaneous. andjatroflenic., Eney.mO.ihO.ra* William Franklin Young, Jr., Roger Loyd Humphries

63.Hemopi.ysiS

William Franklin Young, Jr., Michael W. Stava

Rita K. Cydulka, Sorabh Khandelwal

65.çhroniç.. obstructive.. EMi.monary.Disease

Rita K. Cydulka, Sorabh Khandelwal

Thomas P. Noeller

6Z..Ey.lmonary..!.maging Janet M. Poponick

Section Eight Gastrointestinal Emergencies

68.Acyte. Abdominal. .Pain

E. John Gallagher

6?.AbdominalPain.in. .the.. Elderly Robert McNamara

David T. Overton

71.EsoPhageaLEmergencie,s

Moss H. Mendelson

72MSwallowedForeign. Bodies

Wade R. Gaasch, Robert A. Barish

73MEe.p.tic ..Ulcer. Disease.and. Gastritis

Matthew C. Gratton

74.Appendicitis

Denis J. FitzGerald, Arthur M. Pancioli

75M.!.ntes.tinal .Obstruction

Salvator J. Vicario, Timothy G. Price

76M.He.rniaM.in... AdMlts..and .Children

Frank W. Lavoie

77M!leitis.».. colitis.MandDiye^rticMlitis

Howard A. Werman, Hagop S. Mekhjian, Douglas A. Rund

78MAnorectalMDisorders

James K. Bouzoukis

7?MVomiting!M.Diarrhea, .andMConstipation

Annie Tewel Sadosty, Brian J. Browne

80M.JaMndice

Richard O. Shields, Jr.

8l Çholeçysiiiis.and ..Biliary .Colic

Tom P. Aufderheide, William J. Brady, Judith E. Tintinalli

82MHepaticMD.isorde.rs... and. .Hepatic ..Failure

Rawden W. Evans

83.Açyte.and. C.hronic.Eancreatitis

Robert J. Vissers, Riyad B. Abu-Laban

84.Complications .of.. General. ..surgical. np^o,çedM^es

Edmond A. Hooker

85.Complications .of.. Gastrointestinal ..Deyices Edmond A. Hooker

86Mlhe..Liyer .IransplantMEatieni

Steven Kronick

87.Gasirointestinal.. imaging

Michael J. Bono

Section Nine Renal and Genitourinary Disorders

Richard Sinert

8?mE,mergenc.ies.. inMEe.n.aLFail.y.^e.. .and ..Dialysis... Patients

Richard Sinert

?0.yrinary ..Tract. infections

David S. Howes, William Franklin Young, Jr.

?1Male.GeniM ..Problems

Robert E. Schneider

Joel Moll, William Franklin Peacock IV

93..Hematuria .andHematospermia

David S. Howes, Mark P. Bogner

^..Complications ..of. Uroloflic., E.roc.edy.res

Elaine B. Josephson, Anthony Gomez

?5..com.p.iications .off.. Urologie.. Devices

C. Richard Ross, Edward Lee

96..Jhe..Rena! Transplant .Patient

Richard Sinert

Dan E. Wiener, Jennifer Marrast Host

Section Ten Gynecology and Obstetrics

98Vaginal..B!eeding..andl .Pe!yic.„Pain..in.l .the. . l Nonpregnant ..Patient

Laurie Morrison, Julie Spence

99..Norma! .Pregnancy

Christina E. Hantsch, Donna L. Seger

100..Ectopic.preflnancy

Richard S. Krause, David M. Janicke

101..Emergencies.l .DMrin.g..Pregna.ncy..an.d..l .the..Post.p.art.u.m.l Period

Gloria J. Kuhn

102Çomorbid.l .Dis.ea.ses..in.l .Pregnancy

Jessica L. Bienstock, Harold E. Fox

103..Emergency..De!iyery

Michael J. VanRooyen, Julia B. VanRooyen

104...VM!yo.yaginitis

Gloria J. Kuhn

Amy J. Behrman, Suzanne Moore Shepherd

106..Breast..Disorders

Carol A. Terregino, Rachelle A. Greenman

107..urogyneco!ogic.l Disorders. .and..Gyneco!o.flic...On.co!ofly

Michael Londner, Julia B. VanRooyen

108...Ç.omfi!icatio.ns...ofl .Gynecologic .Procedures

Michael A. Silverman, Karen J. Morrill Hardart

109..Pe!yi.c .Ultrasonography

Robert F. Reardon, Dietrich V. K. Jehle

Section Eleven Pediatrics

110..Feyer

Carol D. Berkowitz

111.Assessment.of .the..lÇ.hi!d...in..l the..Emergency.Depart.ment:. .a. . Practica! . Applicaiion. . . of. Norma!.. Çhi!d...Deye!o.Rment

Peter Mellis

M. Yousuf Hasan, Niranjan Kissoon

114..sudden..l!nfantl .Deathsyndrome

Carol D. Berkowitz

11.5..Pediatric Heartll Disease

C. James Corrall

Kimberiy S. Quayle, Susan Fuchs, David M. Jaffe

117...s.k.in...an.d..l soû..Ji.s.sue...!.n.fscîio„ns

Richard Malley

118...B.a.cterem.i§,.l sepsis,... and. ..Meningitis.. in..Çh.i!dren

Peter I. Mellis

119..Viral..and.l Bacteria! .Pneumonia ..in...Ç..h.i!dren Kathleen M. Brown, Thomas E. Terndrup

Maybelle Kou, Thom A. Mayer

!21.S.e.iZu.re.s..a.nd.l .status .Epilepticus . „in. l ÇhNdren

Michael A. Nigro

122n.Vomiting.l and ..Diarrh.ea..in.l Çh.Nd.re.n Christopher M. Holmes, Ronald D. Holmes

^.Pediatric Abdomina! ..Emergencies

Robert W. Schafermeyer

^..ihe D.iabetic...Ç.h.i!ld ..and..Diabet.i.c ..Ketoacidosis

Maribel Rodriguez, Thom A. Mayer

^..Hypoglycemia

Randolph I. Cordle

Nancy A. Pook, Natalie M. Cullen, Jonathan I. Singer

127.sync.ope and. sudden ..Death

William E. Hauda II, Thom A. Mayer

William Ahrens

129.lU.pper .Respiratory ..Em.ergen.ci.es

Randolph J. Cordle, Nicholas C. Relich

130_Acute Pa.in.l .Management . and. . .sed.a.t.io.n. . in ..Çhi!dren

Erica Liebelt, Nadine Levick

131 Pediatric Exanthems

Michael S. Weinstock, Michael S. Catapano

132...Musçulo.ske.le.tal, ..Dis.orde.rs...in.l .Children

Richard A. Christoph

133..Sickle .Cell.Disease

Peter J. Paganussi, Thom A. Mayer, Maybelle Kou

134 Evaluating the Handicapped or Disabled Child

Cheryl H. Hack

135„urogyneçolo.giç..l P.roMem.s.l .in..Cñi,!dien..and..lAd.o!e.sce.n.ts

Richard A. Christoph

.1.36...P.e.diat.ric.l UrinarY.l IracLIniections

Michael F. Altieri, Mary Camarca, Thom A. Mayer

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