There is a paucity of data regarding the epidemiology of blunt and penetrating neck trauma. The demographics are expected to mirror those of other trauma victims, particularly in urban settings. There is a predominance of young males, especially those in the 21- to 30-year-old age groups. The incidence of gunshot versus stab wounds varies from study to study. Penetrating neck trauma is associated with a high incidence of simultaneous injuries to other systems. Multiple injuries occur 44 to 52 percent of the time.1 Serious injuries following blunt trauma are not as common. The latter injuries are probably underreported because many are not recognized initially. About half of blunt neck trauma is related to motor vehicle crashes.
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