Peak prevalence is from late October to May. Over 90,000 children are hospitalized at an average cost of $70,000 per child, with 4500 deaths annually from RSV infection. The peak age of incidence in urban populations is 2 months and results in hospitalizations lasting 5 to 7 days. Disease in older children is usually milder. Bronchiolitis has also been shown to be a cause of severe pneumonitis in elderly populations.
This highly infectious virus is transmitted by direct contact with large droplets of secretions and self-inoculation by contaminated hands via the eyes and nose (no significant transmission occurs by small-particle aerosol). RSV-infected secretions remain infectious on countertops for more than 6 h. Strict attention to hand washing and use of masks and gloves can prevent transmission. RSV is shed from the respiratory tract of symptomatic and asymptomatic patients for up to 9 days. Immunocompromised patients may continue to shed for up to 6 weeks.
Was this article helpful?
This guide will help millions of people understand this condition so that they can take control of their lives and make informed decisions. The ebook covers information on a vast number of different types of neuropathy. In addition, it will be a useful resource for their families, caregivers, and health care providers.