The female reproductive tract cancers account for 13 percent of all cancers in women, following breast, lung, and colon cancer. Symptoms occurring as a result of natural progression of malignancy include bleeding, nausea and vomiting, obstructive uropathy, failure to thrive, and/or paraneoplastic syndromes. Treatment with surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation can themselves cause complications. Surgical complications include bowel and urogenital tract injury, thromboembolism, and bleeding. Chemotherapy-related complications include anemia, febrile neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, neuropathy, uropathy, nausea and vomiting, extravasation injury, and stomatitis. Radiation-related complications focus mainly on injury to the gastrointestinal and genitourinary tracts.
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