Pediatric (13 years of age) infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) runs the gamut from asymptomatic to severely immunocompromised. Case definitions are broken into two age categories:3
1. Any child under 18 months of age born to an HIV-positive mother who has positive results on two separate tests (excluding cord blood) from one or more of the following: HIV culture, HIV polymerase chain reaction, or HIV p24 antigen, or who meets criteria for an acquired immunodeficiency deficiency syndrome (AIDS) diagnosis based on the 1987 AIDS surveillance case definition.
2. Any child 18 months of age or older born to an HIV-positive mother or any child infected by blood, blood products, or other known means of transmission who is HIV-positive by repeatedly positive enzyme immunoassay and confirmatory test or meets criteria set forth for children under 18 months of age.
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