The three major intracellular components—Mg2+, K+, and PO4-—usually travel together; therefore, the loss and deficiency of one constituent usually leads to the loss and deficiency of the others. As with most intracellular components, loss of total body Mg 2+ may occur when serum levels are normal.
ETIOLOGY A wide variety of problems can cause hypomagnesemia (TabJe 23-16). In adults, magnesium deficiencies are most frequently seen in alcoholics, in malnourished patients, and in patients with cirrhosis, pancreatitis, or excessive gastrointestinal fluid losses. Diarrhea is usually more of a problem (Mg 2+ content of 10 to 14 meq/L) than upper gastrointestinal loss (1 to 2 meq/L).
Was this article helpful?
This guide will help millions of people understand this condition so that they can take control of their lives and make informed decisions. The ebook covers information on a vast number of different types of neuropathy. In addition, it will be a useful resource for their families, caregivers, and health care providers.