Immunizations of HIVInfected Patients

According to the US Public Health Service Immunizations Practices Advisory Committee, HIV-infected persons should not receive live virus or live bacteria vaccines.

Killed vaccines pose no danger to immunosuppressed patients.27 Since symptomatic HIV-infected persons have a suboptimal response to vaccines, all single-dose vaccines are advised to be given as early as possible in the course of HIV infection. 27

Ta.b]eJ.39z8 summarizes the CDC recommendations for common immunizations. Pneumococcal vaccine is recommended for all patients over 2 years of age. Tetanus-diphtheria vaccine is recommended as a booster every 10 years for those who have completed primary series. The measles-mumps-rubella vaccine is contraindicated because measles is a live vaccine with reported serious reactions in HIV-infected patients. Hepatitis B vaccine is recommended for all high-risk individuals, including injected drug users, sexually active homosexual men, and sexually active men and women with sexually transmitted diseases or more than one sexual partner in the past 6 months. Patients should be referred to a primary care provider for routine immunization.

Blood Pressure Health

Blood Pressure Health

Your heart pumps blood throughout your body using a network of tubing called arteries and capillaries which return the blood back to your heart via your veins. Blood pressure is the force of the blood pushing against the walls of your arteries as your heart beats.Learn more...

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