The most recognized and comprehensive record of radiation accidents is the registry maintained by an asset of the US Department of Energy, the Radiation Emergency Assistance Center/Training Site (REACTS). Since the inception of the registry in 1944, 403 radiation accidents have been recorded worldwide with victims totaling 133,617 individuals; 2965 with significant exposure and 120 fatalities ( TableJ.99.-1). The 1986 Chernobyl accident accounts for 116,500 individuals and 28 acute fatalities. The most frequent radiation accident is one of high-dose local exposure, usually to the hands, from a radiation device. The majority of these accidents have occurred in the industrial setting with inadvertent exposure from radiation devices used in radiography to verify integrity of metals such a pipe welds. 1
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