Miscellaneous Adverse Effects

In addition to the various dopamine-related side effects just described (extrapyramidal disorders, tardive dyskinesia, and NMS), the antipsychotics may cause a variety of other untoward effects, some of which are highlighted here. All antipsychotics may cause sedation and impair mental capacity to some degree; 24 patients should be cautioned regarding activities requiring mental alertness, such as driving and operating heavy machinery. Photosensitivity may occur with the typical antipsychotics, especially the phenothiazines; it is not a characteristic of the atypical agents, with the exception of risperidone. To varying degrees, all may lower the seizure threshold.24 Both typical and atypical agents are pregnancy category C with the exception of clozapine, which is category B; none of these agents are recommended in breast-feeding women.24 Clozapine therapy carries the risk of agranulocytosis and is reserved for use in severely ill schizophrenics who have failed conventional treatment regimens; weekly monitoring of the leukocyte count is indicated. i2,4,,!1

New Mothers Guide to Breast Feeding

New Mothers Guide to Breast Feeding

For many years, scientists have been playing out the ingredients that make breast milk the perfect food for babies. They've discovered to day over 200 close compounds to fight infection, help the immune system mature, aid in digestion, and support brain growth - nature made properties that science simply cannot copy. The important long term benefits of breast feeding include reduced risk of asthma, allergies, obesity, and some forms of childhood cancer. The more that scientists continue to learn, the better breast milk looks.

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