Fordyce granules that are slightly elevated, cream-colored spots seen frequently on the vermilon border of the lips and buccal mucosa represent ectopic sebaceous glands.25 Linea alba is a white line on the buccal mucosa at the level of the occlusal surface. It is caused by normal friction from the facial surfaces of the teeth during mastication. Leukedema, which is a normal variant, is a grayish white appearance to the mucosal surfaces secondary to thickening of the mucosa and edema of the spinosal layer. It usually affects the buccal musosa bilaterally and can be diagnosed by its disappearance on eversion or stretching of the mucosal surface. 19 Firm exophytic enlargement along the lingual surface of the mandible (torus mandibularis) or of the hard palate (torus palatinus) represents benign exostoses of the associated bone. The etiology is unknown, but no therapeutic intervention is required. 26 Other entities that cause oral lesions such as pemphigoid, pemphigus, lichen planus, and erythema multiforme are discussed later as manifestations of systemic disease.
Was this article helpful?
Rosacea and Eczema are two skin conditions that are fairly commonly found throughout the world. Each of them is characterized by different features, and can be both discomfiting as well as result in undesirable appearance features. In a nutshell, theyre problems that many would want to deal with.