Children between the ages of birth and 3 years old are at relatively increased risk for bloodborne bacterial disease due to immaturity of the reticuloendothelial system. The term bacteremia refers to the presence of a positive blood culture without reference to specific clinical symptomatology. Bacteremia may resolve spontaneously, progress to septicemia, or be associated with focal serious bacterial infection (SBI), most often involving the meninges, lung, kidney, bowel, bone, or joint.

The risk of bacteremia decreases with age, with the highest incidence in the first 3 months of life ( Table 1J..8-1). Neonates with fever, defined as a rectal temperature of 38.0°C or higher, have a 5 percent risk for bacteremia and 15 percent incidence of SBI due to pathogens encountered at the time of birth. 12 and 3 Bacteremia in this age group either results in a fulminant septicemic process within hours to days of birth ( early-onset disease) or a focal SBI developing weeks to months later (late-onset disease). Group B Streptococcus is by far the most common bacterial pathogen in this age group, followed by Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes, and Enterococcus sp. Infants aged 30 to 90 days are at a progressively lesser risk for late-onset infection from these neonatally acquired pathogens but are increasingly susceptible to community-acquired pathogens. This age group thus represents a transition period from neonates and those infants aged 3 months and older.

Spiritual Weight Loss Mentality

Spiritual Weight Loss Mentality

Awesome Ways To Get Over Your Mentality That Keeps you Overweight! This Book Is One Of The Most Valuable Resources In The World When It Comes To Results In Your Slim-down and Health Efforts! Day in day out we keep ourselves absorbed with those matters that matter the most to us. A lot of times, it might be just to survive and bring in some money. In doing so we at times disregard or forget about the extra matters that are essential to balance our lives. They’re even more essential to supply real meaning to our world. You have to pay attention to your wellness.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment