Pediatric Abdominal Emergencies

Robert W. Schafermeyer

History Evaluation



Vomiting Diarrhea Constipation

Bleeding Jaundice Masses

Diagnosis., and ...Manag.em.e.nt..of Selected ..Emergencies GastrointestinalEmergencies jnjnfants. „in.the, ..First..Yea,r...of. .Life

Gastrointestinal.Emergencies jnChlldren.. 2...Yea,rs... and,. .Older


Intraabdominal.. Masses

Foreign Bodies. in. . the Gastrointestinal.. Tract

Portal Hypertension

Chapter. References

Evaluation of abdominal emergencies in childhood presents a diagnostic challenge. Some diseases are common to both adults and children and others are age specific, such as congenital anomalies, volvulus, and Hirschsprung disease. One must understand the differential diagnoses of the presenting symptoms, recognize the clinical manifestations of the more common and life-threatening diseases, and be sensitive in approaching infants and children.

One can classify abdominal disease processes in several ways. Is the child febrile or afebrile? Does the disease appear to be obstructive or nonobstructive, abdominal or extraabdominal in nature? Is it due to a local process, or is it systemic? Does the child appear healthy and happy or sick and septic?

The child's age influences the presenting signs and symptoms significantly. The spectrum of pathologic gastrointestinal (GI) conditions of a 2-day-old infant is vastly different from that of a 2-week-old, and both are quite different from that of a 2-year-old.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Constipation Prescription

Constipation Prescription

Did you ever think feeling angry and irritable could be a symptom of constipation? A horrible fullness and pressing sharp pains against the bladders can’t help but affect your mood. Sometimes you just want everyone to leave you alone and sleep to escape the pain. It is virtually impossible to be constipated and keep a sunny disposition. Follow the steps in this guide to alleviate constipation and lead a happier healthy life.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment