Pharmacologic Modalities

The pharmacologic management of acute pain includes systemic agents such as opioid and nonopioid analgesics and adjunct medications (anxiolytics and antiemetics) in addition to the nonsystemic local and regional agents (T§ble 32.:1). Agents such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) should be considered for mild pain, and systemic opioids and/or NSAIDs should be considered for moderate to severe pain. Local or regional neural blockade is a useful technique to minimize the use of narcotic agents (T§bJ§...3.2.-2).

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Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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