Pneumonia usually presents between 24 and 96 h postoperatively. Predisposing factors include prolonged ventilatory support and atelectasis. Presenting symptoms can include dyspnea, chest pain, productive cough, fever, and tachypnea. Postoperative pneumonia is likely to be polymicrobial. After cultures of sputum and blood are obtained, parenteral antimicrobial therapy with an aminoglycoside and an antipseudomonal penicillin should be administered. Admission to the hospital is generally indicated.
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The term vaginitis is one that is applied to any inflammation or infection of the vagina, and there are many different conditions that are categorized together under this ‘broad’ heading, including bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis and non-infectious vaginitis.