A sunburn reaction is the inflammatory response to skin injury as a result of ultraviolet radiation. It may be minimal with little discomfort to the patient, or it may be severe with extensive blistering. Individuals with fair skin, light eyes, and naturally light hair color are more susceptible to sunburns; however, even darker pigmented skin can develop skin injury with large enough ultraviolet light exposure.
The sunburn reaction begins 2 to 6 hours after exposure and peaks in one to three days. Erythema and warmth in sun-exposed areas occurs. Vesiculation may result that is equivalent to a second-degree burn.
The most important part of treatment is to stress prevention. Education includes counseling the patient to avoid the midday sun, to apply liberally and frequently a broad-spectrum sunscreen (UVA and UVB protection with SPF 15 to 30), to wear protective clothing, and to seek shade. Sunburns can be treated symptomatically with NSAIDs, with tepid baths, and by applying topical antibiotics to areas of vesiculation. Emollients may be soothing but will not prevent eventual exfoliation. Individuals should also be advised to avoid the sun until the eruption resolves.
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Rosacea and Eczema are two skin conditions that are fairly commonly found throughout the world. Each of them is characterized by different features, and can be both discomfiting as well as result in undesirable appearance features. In a nutshell, theyre problems that many would want to deal with.