Syncope is very common in adolescence and less common in younger children. Between 20 and 50 percent of adolescents experience at least one episode of syncope.12 Syncope is a presenting symptom of 0.05 percent of pediatric visits3 and 6 percent of hospital admissions.2 Approximately 25 percent of patients referred to a cardiology or neurology specialty clinic for the evaluation of syncope are eventually diagnosed with a serious illness. 4 However, most causes of syncope are benign, the most common cause being neurally mediated syncope.3 Prior syncopal events are not always associated with an increased risk of future sudden death.5
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