As with standard precautions, utilization of previously described techniques for hand washing, gloves, face mask and eye protection or face shield, gowns, equipment and linen, environmental controls, and workplace controls applies. Ihe placement of patients in the ED requires a room with (1) monitored negative air pressure in relation to surrounding areas, (2) 6 to 12 air changes per hour, and (3) discharge of the room air to the outdoors or high-efficiency filtration of the air before it is circulated to other areas in the hospital. Ihe door to the patient's room must be kept closed, and the patient must remain in the room. Movement and transportation of the patient should be limited. If movement is unavoidable, the patient should wear respiratory protection to avoid contamination of other areas within the hospital. Health care providers entering the room must wear respiratory protection, such as a personalized, fitted mask with efficient filters (approved particulate respirator).
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