TABLE 1751 Epidemiology of Caustic Ingestions Reported to the American Association of Poison Control Centers 1996

Many chemicals used in industry have caustic potential. Alkali substances used in industry include sodium hydroxide and potassium hydroxide in cleaning fluids, calcium hydroxide in concrete, lithium hydroxide in photography, and ammonium hydroxide in fertilizers ( TabJeJZS-^). Common acids used in industry include hydrochloric acid and sulfuric acids as cleaners, hydrofluoric acid in etching and metal cleaning, chromic acid in metal plating, and formic acid in leather/textile tanning. Industrial strength cleaners and chemicals accounted for approximately 8000 alkali exposures and 12,000 acid exposures in the 1996 AAPCC data ( Table

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