A hysterectomy (the removal of your uterus) doesn't cure endometriosis, unless the endometriosis is only in the uterus. Although a hysterectomy stops menstrual bleeding because the blood comes from the uterine lining, the surgery doesn't change the endometriosis on your ovaries, bowel, bladder, or elsewhere in your pelvic cavity.
However, hysterectomy with removal of both ovaries will permanently get rid of endometriosis symptoms in most women, because removing the ovaries removes most of the hormonal stimulation that activates endometrial implants, wherever they're found. Unfortunately, the surgical menopause that results has a multitude of additional symptoms to cope with (refer to Chapter 11 for more info).
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