The major disadvantage is that its use may interfere with an oncological neck operation. The reliability of this flap is also a major drawback, especially if the neck has been previously irradiated. The arc of rotation is necessarily limited because of the

Figure 3 Three arteries principally supply the sternocleidomastoid muscle: (1) occipital, (2) superior thyroid, and (3) thyrocervical. Two of three of these arteries must remain intact to ensure viability of this flap.

blood supply requirements. This flap can only support a small cutaneous island of no more than 3-4 cm.

Pectoralis Major

How To Reduce Acne Scarring

How To Reduce Acne Scarring

Acne is a name that is famous in its own right, but for all of the wrong reasons. Most teenagers know, and dread, the very word, as it so prevalently wrecks havoc on their faces throughout their adolescent years.

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