Health Assessment

The American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) uses a classification system to help assess a patient's risk for general anesthesia. This system considers a patient's overall health, activity level, and disease status to help determine the likelihood of morbidity or death from general anesthesia. The ASA status is reported as grades I-V. An ASA -g

I patient is in excellent health with no limitations on activity while an ASA V patient |

is moribund, incapacitated, and expected to die within the next 24 h (10). In practice, £

the ASA level is considered only a convenient method to report a patient's overall health status and is not very useful in determining whether a patient will have a poor outcome after a general anesthetic. Nevertheless, Wolters et al. found that ASA class £

IV and V patients were more likely to experience intraoperative and postoperative problems including greater intraoperative blood loss, longer intensive care unit stays, and higher mortality rates (11). An organ-specific classification is more likely to be §

useful in predicting morbidity strictly from administration of a general anesthetic.

Figure 10 Sensory innervation of the external ear: occipital nerve, mastoid branch of the occipital nerve, greater auricular nerve, and auriculotemporal nerve.
How To Reduce Acne Scarring

How To Reduce Acne Scarring

Acne is a name that is famous in its own right, but for all of the wrong reasons. Most teenagers know, and dread, the very word, as it so prevalently wrecks havoc on their faces throughout their adolescent years.

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