Street Drugs

Of course, you know that illicit drugs are not ever part of a healthy lifestyle. But as you try to become pregnant, you have even more reasons not to use street drugs. For women, marijuana and other illicit drugs have been known to disrupt the menstrual cycle and the ovulation process. Cocaine and crystal meth can cause your blood pressure to rise dramatically and lead to serious medical conditions and malnutrition. Marijuana is known to decrease fertility in men because it reduces sperm...

Nutrition

Good nutrition is important for men also. In fact, researchers report that crash diets have a tendency to lower sperm count. The better a man's nutritional status, the healthier his sperm will be and the more easily the woman will conceive. A man's diet should be similar to that of his female counterpart, taking into consideration that his calorie intake may be altered based on age, body structure, and activity level. He should consume healthy foods and key nutrients, such as vitamin C, vitamin...

Reduce Your Stress

De-stressing your life is easier said than done. The emotional stress of family, work, and daily chores can be taxing on anyone. When you add fertility issues into the mix, your stress levels may go off the charts. Stress may be the cause of migraine headaches, backaches, ulcers, and a host of other common physical ailments. Is it any wonder that stress might also interfere with the reproductive process Stress can cause you to stop ovulating and your menstrual periods to become irregular....

Can Icsi Help

Although IVF can be successfully used for men with mild sperm abnormalities, ICSI has brought a new dimension of therapy for men with severe male factor infertility issues. Indications for ICSI include Poor sperm quality (abnormal shapes and poor movement) Presence of antisperm antibodies History of poor fertilization during one or more prior IVF attempts Any reason why the man's sperm cannot easily penetrate the woman's egg

Vitamin A

Prenatal vitamins typically contain vitamin A because it offers important health benefits for you and also your developing fetus. Vitamin A contains important anti-oxidants to fight toxins. It's also important in the development and maintenance of healthy eyes and vision. You probably remember your mother telling you to eat carrots so you would have good eyesight. That's because of vitamin A. In fact, prenatal vitamins contain the vegetable form of vitamin A, called beta-carotene. This is a...

How Will I Be Monitored When Im Taking Gonadotropins

While you are taking gonadotropins, you will be closely monitored by your fertility specialist. Your blood will be checked for the level of estradiol, a form of estrogen that rises as your body produces more follicles and developing eggs. Tracking this rise in your estradiol levels will help your doctor follow your egg development. Your fertility specialist will also perform regular vaginal ultrasounds on you. That's because it's important to keep a close eye on your ovaries. Frequent vaginal...

Egg Donation

Of course, you'd prefer to use your own eggs, but that's not always possible. It could be that you've already tried to use your eggs during IVF procedures but had poor results. Or perhaps you no longer have any viable eggs because of menopause, chemotherapy, radiation, or another medical condition. In some cases, you may carry a genetic defect that you don't want to pass along to your offspring. In any of these situations, receiving eggs from another woman may be the answer to your fertility...

Ovulation

Each month, under the influence of your reproductive hormones, one of your ovaries selects between 10 and 20 eggs to become possible candidates for release. The number of eggs decreases with age until menopause, when ovulation stops completely. The chosen eggs begin to mature within their own sacs, called follicles. In most cases, only one follicle matures and one egg is released each month. Some women feel a cramp on one side of their pelvic region during this time. Next, the egg moves into...

Single Women

Having and raising a child can be difficult even when you are part of a couple. It's especially an ambitious undertaking when you decide to consider motherhood without a partner. For most women, it's wise for you to first come to terms with your life circumstances. Many women must deal with the sadness that their first choice of finding Mr. Right and living happily ever after may not be a reality. This may involve a grieving process, given that most of us were conditioned from childhood that we...

Urine Analysis

A urine sample and analysis can provide the fertility specialist with additional information. The urine is checked for the presence of bacteria and also for the presence of white blood cells. White blood cells may indicate an infection either within the urinary tract or the prostate gland. If infection is suspected, more tests will be performed and treatment given. The urine is also checked for the presence of sperm. A high concentration of sperm in the urine may indicate retrograde...

Body Weight

Being overweight by even 10 to 15 percent above normal can overload your body with estrogen. This extra estrogen is produced within the fatty tissue and can dramatically change your hormone balance. In many cases, obese women ovulate irregularly, if at all. Lack of body fat may also result in irregular periods and infertility. A woman who is underweight by 10 to 15 percent has less fat storage and therefore less estrogen. Although it may vary from woman to woman, most medical experts agree that...

Embryo Assisted Hatching

Assisted hatching is a special technique to help the embryo implant into your uterus. The technique is typically used in conjunction with IVF or ICSI. The thought is that thinning or making a small hole in the embryo's outer shell (called the zona pellucida) may help the embryo to progress and successfully implant in your uterine lining. Some fertility specialists and clinics choose to use assisted hatching with all of their IVF patients because they believe that it increases pregnancy success...

Bromocriptine Parlodel

Parlodel is a medication that slows or stops the production of the hormone prolactin in the brain's pituitary gland. It is very useful in treating women with abnormally high prolactin levels. Very high levels of prolactin may be due to polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), hormonal imbalance, or a benign tumor in the pituitary gland called a pituitary adenoma. Unfortunately, high prolactin levels interfere with the body's normal production of LH and FSH and thus hinder the ovulation process....

Can Ivf Help

For the most part, IVF is an effective treatment for all causes of infertility. One exception to this would be if the woman has major abnormalities within her uterus, such as severe adhesions. You might be helped with IVF if you are experiencing one of these fertility conditions Hostile cervical mucus or another problem concerning cervical mucus Blocked or scarred fallopian tubes Male factor infertility (such as low sperm count, low mobility, poor quality)

Miscarriage and Other Early Pregnancy Loss

This chapter is dedicated to those of you who have experienced early pregnancy loss. You are part of a distinct group of women who have felt the happiness and joy of conceiving, only to have your hopes and dreams shattered by the loss of your pregnancy. What a challenging ordeal you've endured. Not only have you had to go through the physical pains and hormonal swings, but you've also faced the emotional ups and downs of losing your baby during the early stages of pregnancy. Copyright 2007 by...

Chronic Disease

Cancer may or may not affect fertility. However, cancer treatment with chemotherapy or radiation almost always reduces sperm production. If possible, talk with a fertility expert before starting chemotherapy or radiation. It's often possible to come up with a plan to safeguard or improve your future fertility. A history of mumps may be another cause of male infertility. If a male gets the mumps during or just after puberty, he is at risk for the virus attacking the testicles. In severe cases,...

Illicit Drug

A medical research study conducted in 2003 showed that regular smoking of marijuana can have detrimental effects on male fertility. It was shown that marijuana is linked to lowered sperm count and poor sperm motility. In addition, the sperm that are able to enter the vagina tend to be slowed and weakened, making it almost impossible for them to penetrate the egg's outer shell for fertilization to occur. It is generally accepted by medical experts that heavy marijuana or cocaine use may...

Positive Actions You Can Take to Reduce the Chance of Early Pregnancy Loss

If you have experienced recurrent miscarriage or other pregnancy loss, you can still feel hopeful for your upcoming pregnancies. You may be able to improve your chances of having a successful pregnancy by taking certain positive actions, such as these Undergo a complete medical workup before you try to get pregnant again. Work with your doctor to evaluate risk factors and causes of your past pregnancy loss. Take the prenatal vitamins and any other medication that have been prescribed by your...

Youve Chosen Your Specialist Now What

If you are part of a couple, your partner should be with you during your first visit with the new doctor. In fact, it's best if your partner can accompany you to all of your appointments. That's because fertility is often a couple topic and both of you are involved in this experience. If you are able, it's best to bring your medical records, test results, and report summaries with you for your new doctor's review. One of the doctor's first priorities will be to evaluate whether you have a...

How Successful Is

Overall, the success rate of IVF is between 25 and 50 percent per cycle. Rates vary based on a number of variables. In general, a higher success rate is more likely under these conditions You are young and produce a high number of good quality of eggs. Your uterus is normally shaped and free of scarring or abnormalities. You are willing and able to undergo the complete IVF procedure several times. Your IVF team is talented, skilled, and experienced.

Selective Reduction in Multiple Pregnancies

Most women who undergo an ART procedure are thrilled and can successfully carry a twin pregnancy. However, pregnancies with triplets and especially a higher number of fetuses carry increased risks of birth defects and premature delivery. Risks for the mother include greater chance of high blood pressure, gestational diabetes, uterine bleeding, and complications associated with a C-section delivery. For these reasons, most fertility clinics limit the number of embryos transferred into the...

Tips To Boost Your Fertilitynaturally

So by now you have an even better understanding of how your body is influenced by outside factors such as nutrition, exercise, stress, and lifestyle habits. You also know how to calculate your most fertile time of the month. Use this knowledge to boost your fertility. In addition, following are some more tips that you can try in hopes of becoming pregnant the old-fashioned way. Timing is critical. Be sure to have sexual intercourse with your partner every day during your fertile time (the day...

Hysteroscopy

Your doctor may recommend a hysteroscopy procedure to evaluate if you could have an abnormality within your uterus. The hysteroscope is a thin telescope-like instrument that is inserted through your vagina and cervix and then into your uterus. This procedure provides the doctor with a way to view inside of your uterus and make a certain diagnosis. Sometimes, hysteroscopy is done in conjunction with a laparoscopy procedure (see below for discussion of laparoscopy). The hysteroscopy procedure has...

Natural Ways to Monitor Your Own Fertility

One of the best ways of naturally boosting your fertility is to pinpoint exactly when you are ovulating. That's the time period when you are the most fertile. You maximize your chances of becoming pregnant if you have sexual intercourse just before your egg is released. Several natural family-planning methods can help you figure out when you are ovulating. The most popular techniques are the rhythm (calendar) method, the basal body temperature method, and the cervical mucus method. Each of...

Prescription Medications

Certain prescription medications can have a negative impact on your fertility. For example, steroids (such as cortisone or prednisone) taken in high doses can prevent your pituitary gland from producing proper amounts of hormones. The resulting hormonal imbalance may interfere with your ovulation. It may also interrupt your normal menstrual cycle. Also, certain tranquilizers and several older types of blood pressure medications (such as Largactil) have been shown to raise a woman's level of...

Hysterosalpingogram

The purpose of the HSG is to check for obstructions or growths within your uterus and fallopian tubes. Conditions such as blocked fallopian tubes, fibroids, and adhesions may be diagnosed during the HSG procedure. Your doctor may recommend that you undergo an HSG if he or she suspects that you have an abnormality within your uterus or fallopian tubes. The HSG is performed shortly after you have completed your monthly period bleeding. The procedure is usually carried out in a hospital or an...

How To Select Your Fertility Counselor

It's very important that your counselor be trained and well versed in the issues of fertility, both the causes and the treatment options. That way the counselor can truly understand the range of physical issues and emotions that you are facing. Start by talking with your own fertility specialist and medical staff at your fertility clinic. Fertility clinics may have counselors who are associated with the clinic and ready to help you, and if not, they likely have already compiled a list of good...

Natural Ways to Become Pregnant

If you are like most people reading this book, you really want to have a baby. And at some point, you feel like you might try almost anything to become pregnant and bring home a healthy baby. That's perfectly normal. But before embarking on lots of uncomfortable and expensive procedures, doesn't it make sense to first try to maximize your fertility naturally This situation doesn't apply to all women, for various personal reasons. However, most women prefer to try a natural approach to...

In Vitro Maturation Of Eggs

At the present time, a woman must undergo various fertility medications, ultrasounds, and blood work to stimulate her ovaries and induce ovulation. The net result is typically somewhere between 10 and 50 mature eggs. This is an expensive and physically demanding procedure for such a relatively small payback. As a result, much research is being focused on in vitro maturation of eggs. What this means is that immature eggs are removed from your ovaries, taken to the laboratory, and treated with...

Chemical Toxins And Radiation

Some substances found at home or in your workplace could potentially reduce your fertility and harm your fetus once you become pregnant. These environmental toxins can prevent normal growth of the fetus and even cause physical or mental defects. If you or your partner might be exposed to a potentially harmful substance, take steps to avoid it. Think about your home and workplace. Jobs involving heavy metals such as lead or mercury, chemicals in pesticides, or chemicals used in certain...

The Causes of Infertility

Many couples who want to become pregnant often find that it's more difficult than they originally believed. Sadly, this problem is common. According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, approximately 15 percent of couples in the United States may be infertile. This means that of the more than 40 million couples of childbearing age living together in the United States today, about 6 million of them may be affected by infertility issues. So if you are reading this book and...

Internal Male Reproductive Organs

The internal male reproductive organs consist of the epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate gland, ejaculatory ducts, and urethra. (See Figure 3.1.) The epididymis is a long, thin, hollow coiled tubular system within the scrotum. A man has two epididymides each one sits on top of its corresponding testicle. Sperm that are still maturing leave the testicle, enter one end of the epididymis, and loop and coil along the path. The sperm's journey takes about 10 days, and by the end of...

Environmental And Occupational Factors

Prolonged exposure to emotional stress, high temperatures, chemicals, radiation, or electromagnetic or microwave emissions may reduce your fertility. Various occupational hazards also exist within certain work environments. For example, the rubber, leather, and dry-cleaning industries use the solvent benzene, which may adversely affect your fertility. Flight attendants are exposed to radiation and high altitudes, which may reduce fertility. Doctors, nurses, and other hospital employees may be...

Fertility Testing for Women

Most women will undergo several basic tests and procedures during a fertility evaluation. Depending on your particular medical history and situation, some of these examinations may play a more important role for you than others. In most cases, the fertility tests can be completed within a few menstrual cycles. Certain tests must be done during a specific time of your monthly cycle. Your fertility doctor will most likely ask you to prepare for a few of these tests beforehand. So beware, you may...

If I Dont Become Pregnant Using Clomid Whats Next

Research shows that if you aren't pregnant after six cycles of Clomid, you are unlikely to become pregnant from this medication. In fact, about 80 percent of pregnancies that occur with Clomid are conceived during the first three months of use. In most situations, if you don't become pregnant after six months of taking Clo-mid, your doctor will recommend a different treatment. Many women go on to use other drug therapies, and some go directly to an assisted reproductive technology.

Certain Prescription Medications

Before you try to conceive, have a complete physical examination and medical checkup. One reason is to detect any new medical conditions that may require treatment. Another reason is to review your medications and make sure it is safe to continue taking them as you try to become pregnant. Your doctor will want to review your list of current prescription medications. Although many medications can be safely taken during pregnancy, some may increase your chance of miscarriage or cause potential...

Testicular Sperm Extraction Tese And Testicular Sperm Aspiration Tesa

Sometimes your fertility specialist may recommend a special type of testicular biopsy. This procedure may be advised when the male partner has a completely normal physical examination but is not producing sperm. For this test, tiny pieces of each testicle are surgically removed and evaluated. The scrotal area is numbed with local anesthesia. Then hair-thin samples of testicular tissue are removed with a needle. Using a microscope, the pathologist is able to identify sperm in various stages of...

Vitamins and Nutrients

Just about everyone knows about the importance of taking a daily prenatal vitamin. But did you know it's best to begin taking them even before you become pregnant A good prenatal vitamin can supply you with important nutrients and increase your chance of conceiving. Even the best and most well-balanced diet in the world cannot contain all of the essential nutrients. That's why you should take a good prenatal vitamin, even when you are just starting to consider becoming pregnant. For those of...

Reproductive Endocrinologists Fertility Specialists

The reproductive endocrinologist has even more training than the OB GYN doctor. These doctors have completed all of the requirements of the OB GYN physician just discussed plus two to three additional years of fertility and reproductive procedure training. They are members of the Society for Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility (socrei.org). They may choose to become board certified by the American College of OB GYN in Reproductive Endocrinology & Infertility (acog.org). The primary...

Finding a Fertility Specialist

Depending on your needs and particular situation, you'll probably go to your regular OB GYN physician for your initial fertility workup. If you become pregnant, that's terrific If you do not become pregnant under the care of your OB GYN physician, ask him or her about a referral to a fertility specialist. You will probably want to interview several fertility specialists before making your final choice. Feel free to ask your OB GYN to give you several names and tell you a little about each one....

Obstetriciansgynecologists Obgyns

Obstetricians gynecologists are doctors who graduated from medical school and then continued on to do a four-year residency specializing in women's health. In the United States, these doctors are tested and board certified by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Take a look at the ACOG website (acog.org) for additional information. These health care providers are the ones that most women go to for basic female needs, such as Pap smears, birth control, female...

Laparoscopy

At some point during your fertility evaluation, your doctor may recommend a laparoscopy. The laparoscope is a slender telescope-like device with a lens at one end and a fiber-optic light source at the other end. The laparoscope is inserted through a small incision in your abdomen and then into your abdominal pelvic cavity. This surgical procedure is performed when the doctor needs to take a direct look into your abdomen and see your reproductive organs. Depending on the circumstance, your...

Other Tests For Sperm

In addition to the basic semen analysis just discussed, sometimes additional tests for sperm are conducted. Depending on your circumstances, some of these tests may be performed on a sperm sample. In recent years, medical research has shown that certain abnormalities found within the sperm's DNA can lead to infertility. In such cases, even a man with completely normal standard semen analysis may not be able to bring about pregnancy. That's because the sperm with the abnormal DNA is not able to...

How Successful Is Icsi

The success rate for ICSI is usually about 30 percent. This is essentially the same pregnancy rate as with IVF. However, this is a significant achievement because ICSI is primarily used in cases of severe male infertility. The success of the ICSI technique takes the anonymous sperm donor out of the picture, which eases much of the emotional difficulty that couples have when dealing with an outside third-party sperm donor. Of course, even more than with some of the other ART procedures, a high...

Infection Tests On Semen

Certain viruses and bacteria can lead to infertility. Therefore, doctors will check for their presence in both partners. Some of the infection testing is done by evaluating a blood sample (see preceding). Other testing involves evaluating a semen sample. The semen will be checked for the presence of white blood cells. If a large number of white blood cells are present, this may indicate an infection. The semen may also be tested for specific bacteria and viruses. Following are the key...

What About The Mans Role In

The sperm used during your IVF procedure may come from either your partner or a sperm donor. Most women prefer to use sperm from their partner. Unless your partner has a very low sperm count or extremely poor sperm quantity, his sperm can probably be used during the IVF process. That's because his sperm will be washed and concentrated and also specially treated in the laboratory to enhance their ability to fertilize your eggs. If he has very poor sperm function, he may need to produce several...

Good Vibrations Making Sure The Specialist Meets Your Emotional Needs

It is vitally important that you have a good feeling about the fertility specialist, the office staff, and the clinic itself. The process of fertility evaluation and treatment is stressful enough. That's why it's especially critical that you sense a good connection and feel comfortable around your fertility specialist. If you find that the specialist or staff is not sensitive to your needs, talk with the doctor. It's far better to bring such topics out in the open, where they might be solved,...

Recent Or Past Use Of Contraception

Many women are concerned about how past use of contraception might affect their future fertility. In almost all cases, your fertility is returned to normal within a short time of discontinuing the contraception. Birth control pills prevent pregnancy by stopping the ovulation process. Almost always, birth control pills do not affect your future fertility. That's especially true if your menstrual periods were normal prior to beginning the pill. However, a few women who stop taking birth control...

Keep The Boys Cool

You've probably already heard that boxers are better than briefs when it comes to fertility concerns regarding men's underwear. That's because the testicles need to be at a slightly lower temperature than the rest of the body to maximize sperm production. It stands to reason that testicles will enjoy slightly cooler temperature conditions when positioned in boxers as compared to the tight confines of briefs. With the same cooler temperatures in mind, men with lower sperm counts should also not...

Varicocele

A varicocele is a collection of dilated veins within the scrotum that look like varicose veins. It lessens a man's fertility by producing a slightly higher temperature in the testicles. A varicocele occurs in about 15 percent of all men and accounts for as much as 40 percent of male infertility problems. Varicoceles are treated surgically. The most common type of procedure is microsurgery, which is done on an outpatient basis under spinal anesthesia. The enlarged veins are repaired surgically,...

Fertility Testing for

Fertility specialists usually prefer to work with both partners. Therefore, no matter what your female fertility testing indicates, most men will also be evaluated for their own fertility. A key difference, however, is that if the male partner requires surgical treatment, he will probably be referred to a urologist (a doctor who specializes in the urinary tract). It's not surprising to discover that male fertility testing is typically much simpler and straightforward than a woman's. Part of...

Pituitary Gland Abnormalities

Pituitary gland abnormalities are a rare cause for male infertility. In such circumstances, the pituitary gland fails to release hormones necessary to promote sperm production. The pituitary gland in the man produces two important hormones for sexual reproduction luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). The primary function of LH is to act on specialized cells within the testicles to manufacture the male hormone testosterone. FSH has the main purpose of stimulating the...

Adrenal Gland Problems

Your body contains two adrenal glands, one located on top of each kidney. Their function is to produce hormones that control your metabolism, heart rate, blood pressure, and other important body functions. Problems within the adrenal gland can cause increased levels of male hormones (also known as androgens). Even a slight increase of male hormone can interfere with the ovulation process and thus fertility. Signs of increased male hormone include excessive facial hair, hair on the lower...

Glossary

Abscess A collection of pus due to infection that can occur in any part of the body. Abstinence The refusal to partake in sexual intercourse. Adhesions Scar tissue that forms within the body as a result of surgery, infection, or disease. Amenorrhea The lack of menstrual periods. Androgen Male hormones for example, testosterone produced by the testicles and responsible for male characteristics. Anesthesia The relief of pain and loss of sensation due to special medication or techniques....

Index

Acupuncture, 114-15, 120 Adoption, 185-87, 190-91 Adrenal gland problems, 7-8 Age, woman's as cause of infertility, 3-4 ectopic pregnancy and, 43 third-party reproduction and, 225-26 Alcohol, 4-5, 20, 105-6, 119 Alternative medicine acupuncture, 114-15 aromatherapy, 114 herbal remedies, 115-16 summary on, 119-20 American Fertility Association website, 202 American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) website, 202 Anatomy, reproductive female, 8, 58-62 male, 54-56 summary on, 67-70...

Acupuncture

Acupuncture is the insertion of small needles along various parts of your body. The theory behind acupuncture involves rebalancing your body's power as it runs through energy fields called meridians. Though still not completely accepted by traditional Western medicine, acupuncture has been shown in various clinical trials to benefit both female and male fertility problems. One such study was conducted by the University of Heidelberg in Germany and published in 1992 by Gynecological...

Pelvic Ultrasound Examination

A pelvic ultrasound exam will most likely be performed at some time during your fertility evaluation and treatment. This is an important procedure that uses ultrasonic sound waves to view your internal pelvic organs. It can provide a wealth of information about your uterus, tubes, and ovaries. The ultrasound exam is performed in your doctor's office or in a nearby hospital. The procedure is conducted either by your doctor or a specially trained ultrasound technician. Ultrasound often plays an...

Gestational Carrier Surrogacy

Remember Phoebe on the TV show Friends She was a gestational surrogate for her brother and his wife. She carried triplets for them Those babies were the creation of her brother's sperm and his wife's eggs and therefore not directly genetically linked to her. That's how gestational surrogacy works. The surrogate is only used to carry the pregnancy and the baby is not genetically connected to the surro gate. The baby is the combination of genetic material from you and your male partner. In...

Does Ivf Hurt And What Are The Risks

You are typically sedated during the egg retrieval process and again during the embryo transfer process and therefore quite comfortable. Most women say that the procedure is painless and compare it to having a Pap smear. Some women note that after the procedure they have cramping, which usually goes away with rest and a mild pain reliever. Risks are infrequent with the IVF procedure, but you need to be aware that they could occur. Risks include Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) Infection...

Assisted Reproductive Technologies ARTs

Assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) involves the sophisticated treatment and processing of human eggs and sperm to help you become pregnant. The treatments that you receive will depend on a variety of issues, including your health and that of your partner, your concerns and desires, and your particular fertility situation. Examples of ART include intrauterine insemination (IUI), which is commonly referred to as artificial insemination, and in vitro fertilization (IVF), which results in...

Potential Causes Of Recurrent Miscarriage

Recurrent miscarriage can happen because of any of many possible reasons. Lifestyle Factors We've all heard about the dangers of tobacco, alcohol, and street drugs. They just aren't part of a healthy lifestyle. This is especially true as you try to conceive and also during your pregnancy. If you smoke during pregnancy, you are more likely to experience vaginal bleeding and miscarriage. Women who drink excessive alcohol or engage in illicit drug use have a definite increased risk of miscarriage....

Why Does Icsi Work Better Than Natural Intercourse

ICSI is more effective than natural intercourse because Fertility medications are used to produce more eggs than would develop naturally. Instead of your having to wait for the eggs to ovulate naturally, with IVF the eggs are retrieved manually by your doctor. IVF bypasses the fallopian tubes because the eggs are retrieved directly from the ovaries and transferred directly into the uterus. Your eggs are treated in the laboratory, and their outside protective layer is removed to make them more...

How Is Icsi Performed

The ICSI procedure refers to the process of how the sperm fertilizes the egg and is typically performed in conjunction with another ART, such as IVF. The remainder of the steps are usually identical to IVF or another ART technique that your doctor may recommend. Because most of the time ICSI is performed in conjunction with IVF, the steps of these procedures are almost identical. Sperm collection and preparation Cryopreservation after ICSI Ovulation stimulation and egg retrieval follow the same...

Who Might Benefit From Microsort

Many couples would prefer to have a child of one gender or the other. Perhaps they already have one or more children of one gender and would like to have a child of the other gender. As fertility patients, they have already endured a great deal to have a baby. They realize that they may only be able to endure fertility treatments one or two more times, so they may desire to choose the sex of their planned upcoming pregnancy. In some cases, a person may be the carrier of a gender-linked genetic...

Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a medical condition where the tissue that lines the inside of your uterus (also called the endometrium) spreads to other areas of your body, usually to your pelvic organs. Endometrial tissue found on your fallopian tubes or ovaries can lead to scarring, adhesions, and blockages within your pelvis. (See Figure 1.2.) Illustration copyright Nucleus Medical Art, all rights reserved, nucleusinc.com. Illustration copyright Nucleus Medical Art, all rights reserved, nucleusinc.com....

How Is Ivf Performed

Your fertility specialist will perform your IVF in either the doctor's office or an outpatient surgery facility. To increase your chances of success, the IVF procedure must be very well organized and perfectly timed. Most IVF programs follow these important steps. Each of these stages is discussed in more detail immediately following the list. You will be given fertility medication to develop multiple eggs and stimulate ovulation. The usual protocol involves three types of medication a GnRH...

Does Icsi Hurt And What Are The Risks

The man experiences essentially no risk or discomfort when sperm is collected, usually through masturbation or sexual intercourse with a special collection condom. However, as previously stated, in the case of severe male fertility problems, a testicular biopsy may be required to obtain sperm. Risks are infrequent with ICSI, but you need to be aware that they could occur. Risks include Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) Some fertility experts speculate that a link exists between ICSI and...

Why Does Ivf Work Better Than Natural Intercourse

IVF is more effective than natural intercourse because of the following Fertility medications are used to produce more eggs than would develop naturally. Instead of your having to wait for the eggs to ovulate naturally, with IVF the eggs are retrieved manually by your doctor. IVF bypasses the fallopian tubes because the eggs are retrieved directly from the ovaries and transferred directly into the uterus. Sperm are specially prepared in the laboratory so they can avoid the many hurdles that...

How Is Microsort Performed

Your partner's sperm is evaluated at one of the two MicroSort clinical facilities. It is then placed in the flow cytometer machine, which will sort and separate the sperm into those with X chromosomes and Y chromosomes. For the sorting to be performed, sperm are first treated with a dye that temporarily attaches itself to the DNA within each sperm. Although the size of the actual sperm is the same, the size of the genetic material (DNA) that they contain is different, because the X chromosome...

Vitamin C

Vitamin C is important for both men and women. Many fertility specialists believe that your fertility may be decreased if you are deficient in vitamin C. This may be especially the case for people who smoke. For women, vitamin C supplementation seems to play a role in the ovulation process. However, women should avoid extremely large doses of vitamin C because it has been shown to dry up cervical mucus and thereby prevent sperm from reaching the egg. Therefore, the recommended dose of vitamin C...

Previous Vasectomy

A vasectomy is a voluntary surgery to block the sperm ducts for the purpose of contraception. Sometimes, for various personal reasons, the man wishes to have his vasectomy reversed. In fact, approximately 10 percent of vasectomized men eventually request vasectomy reversal in the United States. While it is usually possible to surgically reconnect the tubes after vasectomy, some men remain infertile because their body has developed an immune reaction against their own sperm. That means they...

Using Pgd To Determine The Sex Of Your Baby

When PGD was first offered to the public, it was intended for couples whose offspring were at high risk of inheriting a genetic disorder. Today as more fertility clinics offer PGD, this technology has become more available to those desiring it. However, at the current time, the majority of fertility centers in the United States do not offer this as an elective service. If you are looking to use PGD technology to choose the gender of your child, find out ahead of time if this is an option at...